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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
九-bw.png
Stroke order
九-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a stylized hand, with bent wrist/forearm (hence the hook stroke at lower right). Earlier forms resemble , .

九 is meant to symbolize a fist tightening to bump up against something; thus, there is a metaphorical bumping up of nine against ten, which is the the last number when counting on one's fingers.

Original meaning was elbow (now ).

九 九 九 九
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 5 +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 大弓 (KN), four-corner 40017, composition丿)

  1. nine

Related characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 48, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+4E5D

Cantonese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Chinese *kwyu?, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *t-kua (compare Classical Tibetan dgu)

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping gau2, Yale gau2)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ kíu, Guangdong kiu3; kieu3 [Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim giu3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nine

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  8 9 10  > 
    Cardinal :

From Early Middle Chinese. Goon, the initial reading when first borrowed into Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. ninth

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ku)

  1. nine
  2. the ninth

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Chinese. Kan'on, a later reading. Borrowed after palatalisation occurred in Middle Chinese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, historical hiragana きう, romaji kyū)

  1. nine

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きゅう, historical hiragana きう, romaji kyū)

  1. nine
  2. an indeterminate large number, a myriad, a great many
  3. (divination) the number of yang, in opposition to (roku, six) as the number of yin
Alternative forms[edit]
  • (large number):

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana ここの, romaji -kokono)

  1. nine

Etymology 4[edit]

/kokono//kono/

Abbreviation of Old Japanese kokono (“nine”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

(hiragana この, romaji kono)

  1. nine
    ひい、ふう、みい、…なな、やあ、この、とお
    hī, fū, mī, ... nana, yā, kono, tō
    one, two, three, ... seven, eight, nine, ten
Alternative forms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

Generally only used when counting out loud, as in the example above. In writing, usually found spelled out in hiragana as この to make the reading unambiguous.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gu)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gu, McCune-Reischauer: ku, Yale: kwu)
  • Name (hangeul): 아홉 (revised: ahop, McCune-Reischauer: ahop, Yale: ahop)
  1. nine

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin jiǔ (jiu3), xiǎng (xiang3), xiàng (xiang4), Wade-Giles chiu3, hsiang3, hsiang4), jiū

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*gioǔ, gioǔ)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional, POJ kiú, káu, kiáu)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cửu)


Wu[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

Latin Alphabet: juˇ Zhuyin Fuhao: ㄐ一ㄡˇ