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U+4E5C, 乜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E5C

[U+4E5B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E5D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 5, +1, 2 strokes, cangjie input 心弓 (PN) or 心尸 (PS) or X心弓 (XPN), four-corner 47712)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 83, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 166
  • Dae Jaweon: page 168, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 49, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4E5C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Cantonese, Teochew) what
    [Cantonese]  ―  Jiu3 di1 mat1? [Jyutping]  ―  What do you want?
    / [Teochew]  ―  Ain3 mih4 gai5? [Peng'im]  ―  What do you want?
  2. (Cantonese) anything; everything
    [Cantonese]  ―  mat1 dou1 dak1 [Jyutping]  ―  anything goes
  3. (Cantonese) why; how come
    [Cantonese]  ―  Mat1 nei5 gam3 so4 gaa3? [Jyutping]  ―  How come you're so stupid?
  4. (Cantonese) Used at the beginning of a question to give a rhetorical effect.
    食飯 [Cantonese, trad.]
    食饭 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Mat1 nei5 mei6 sik6 faan6 gaa4? [Jyutping]
    So you haven't eaten yet?
    消息 [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Mat1 zung6 mei6 jau5 keoi5 ge3 siu1 sik1 me1? [Jyutping]
    So we still don't have any news about him?
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of 什麼 (“what”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 什麼
Mandarin Beijing 什麼
Taiwan 什麼
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang 什麼
Jinan 麼兒什麼
Muping 麼個
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou 啥子
Yinchuan
Ürümqi
Wuhan 麼事
Chengdu 啥子
Guiyang 哪樣
Liuzhou 什嗎
Kunming 什麼
Nanjing 什麼
Hefei 哄個
Nantong 甚呢
Cantonese Guangzhou 乜嘢乜嘢嘢咩嘢
Hong Kong 乜嘢乜嘢嘢咩嘢
Dongguan 乜嘢
Taishan
Yangjiang 乜嘢
Gan Nanchang 什哩
Lichuan 什仔
Pingxiang 咋個
Hakka Meixian 麼個
Xingning 麼個
Huidong 麼個
Qujiang 麼個
Xiaosanjiang 麼個
Changting 麼個
Pingyu 麼個
Wuping 麼個
Liancheng 麼個
Yudu 子個
Ruijin 唔幾
Shicheng 什麼
Shangyou 哪項口哪
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼個
Zhuolan (Raoping) 麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼個
Huizhou Jixi 麼仂
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰事孰麼
Min Dong Fuzhou 什乇
Matsu 什乇
Min Nan Xiamen 什物啥物啥貨
Quanzhou 什物啥物
Zhangzhou 哪貨仔哪貨哪仔哪物仔哪物什物啥物啥貨
Taipei 啥貨啥物
Kaohsiung 啥貨啥物
Tainan 啥物啥貨
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang 啥物啥貨
Sanxia
Yilan 啥貨
Kinmen 啥貨物代
Magong 啥貨物代
Penang 啥物
Singapore 什物
Philippines (Manila) 啥物
Chaozhou 乜個
Haikou 個乜
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning 哪門
Wu Shanghai 啥個
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 何呢
Chongming
Danyang 點高
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 麼子
Shuangfeng 麼子
Loudi 麼子
Dialectal synonyms of 為什麼 (“why”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 為何何以緣何
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 為何因何為什麼
Mandarin Beijing 為什麼
Taiwan 為什麼
Tianjin 為嘛
Harbin 為啥
Jinan 為麼
Muping 為麼為麼個
Xi'an 為啥
Xining 為啥
Xuzhou 為啥擁啥擁什麼
Yinchuan 為啥
Lanzhou 為啥
Ürümqi 為啥
Wuhan 做麼事為麼事
Chengdu 為啥子
Guiyang 為哪樣為些哪樣
Liuzhou 為什嗎
Yangzhou 甚們事做事為甚們 formal
Nanjing 為什麼
Cantonese Guangzhou 點解做乜做乜嘢為乜為乜為物做乜事幹因乜事幹因乜解究因乜緣故何解
Hong Kong 點解做乜做乜嘢做咩為乜為咩做乜事幹因乜事幹因乜解究因乜緣故何解
Dongguan 點解做乜嘢做乜為乜嘢
Taishan 幾解做乜為乜乜頭路
Gan Nanchang 為什哩
Pingxiang 為咋個為咋哩做咋個做咋哩何解
Hakka Meixian 做麼個
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 做麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 做麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 做麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 做麼個
Zhuolan (Raoping) 做麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 做麼個
Jin Taiyuan 為甚因為甚
Xinzhou 𠰻們
Min Bei Jian'ou 做孰事
Min Dong Fuzhou 蔣其蔣講做什乇做什名幹乜勢快勢
Matsu 為什乇蔣其蔣講做什乇快勢
Min Nan Xiamen 為甚物按怎物代
Quanzhou 按怎物代
Zhangzhou 按怎
Taipei 為啥物是按怎
Penang 啥物事
Chaozhou 做呢
Haikou 作乜作個乜作乜物因乜因個乜
Leizhou 做乜因乜
Pinghua Nanning 做門做哪門為哪門
Wu Shanghai 啥體為啥啥講究啥個講究啥個路道啥個緣故
Suzhou 為啥為點啥
Hangzhou 為啥
Wenzhou 妝乜為乜事幹
Chongming 為何做何
Danyang 為點高做點高
Jinhua 為淡事幹為待西
Xiang Changsha 為麼子何解
Loudi 嗎介

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/miaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/miaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/miaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/miaX/
Li
Rong
/miaX/
Wang
Li
/mĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
miě
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9114
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mjaːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to narrow one's eyes and squint
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​, listed 126th in the Baijiaxing.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. squint

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(mya) (hangeul , revised mya, McCune–Reischauer mya)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]