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See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
里-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
里-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意) : (potter's clay/earth) + (field); meaning a measure of land () and fields (), literally "place" or "mile"

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 田土 (WG), four-corner 60104)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40131
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+91CC

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (19)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɨX/ /lɨX/ /lieX/ /lɨX/ /liəX/ /lĭəX/ /liX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ liX › /*(mə.)rəʔ/ li (measure of distance); village

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7826 0 /*rɯʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. li (a unit of distance equal to half a kilometre in modern China)
      ―  gōng  ―  kilometre
  2. village (an administrative unit in the Republic of China)
  3. lane (a type of road in Hong Kong)
  4. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see ("inside").
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
さと
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Ultimately derivation unknown.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

‎(-na inflection, hiragana さと, romaji sato)

  1. (slang, red-light district) boorish, hickish
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana さと, romaji sato)

  1. village
  2. country house
  3. one's hometown
  4. the country, the countryside
  5. the original home of a household member (such as a wife, adoptee, or other person who has joined the household from outside)
  6. a separate home or boarding situation to which one's own children are sent for upbringing or education
  7. a red-light district
  8. one's birth, parentage, origins
  9. (slang, red-light district) boorishness, hickishness
  10. the lay world (as opposed to life within a temple)
  11. (obsolete) in ancient times, a unit of area for regional administration
    The ri reading below was more common for this.
  12. (obsolete) in ancient times, a unit of distance
    The ri reading below was more common for this.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(liX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ri)

  1. unit of distance

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ri, i) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ri, i, Yale li, i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lịa, , lìa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.