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See also: , , , さ゚, and
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai SA.svg
U+3055, さ
HIRAGANA LETTER SA

[U+3054]
Hiragana
[U+3056]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji sa)

  1. The hiragana syllable (sa). Its equivalent in katakana is (sa). It is the eleventh syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (sa-gyō a-dan, row sa, section a).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with (shi).

Pronoun[edit]

(sa

  1. third person personal pronoun; they
    • c. late 10th century Taketori Monogatari
      翁言ふやう、「御迎へに來む人をば、長き爪して、眼をつかみ潰さん。 が髪をとりて、かなぐり落とさむ。が尻をかき出でて、ここらの公人に見せて、恥を見せん」と腹立ちをる。
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(-sa

  1. -ness
    ()(れい)()(れい)
    kirei→kireisa
    beatiful→beauty (na-adjective)
    (かな)しい→(かな)
    kanashii→kanashisa
    sad→sadness (i-adjective)
Usage notes[edit]
  • Used with 'na-adjectives and i-adjectives.
  • Has a different connotation from (-mi). See that entry for explanation.

Etymology 4[edit]

Particle[edit]

(sa

  1. (dialectal Kanto, Tohoku, Hokkaido) sentence-ending particle indicating emphasis
  2. (colloquial, men's speech) sentence-ending particle indicating familiarity or assertion
    (だい)(じょう)()()にしないでくれ。
    Daijōbu sa. Ki ni shinai de kure.
    It's fine, don't worry about it.
  3. (informal) filler particle similar to (ne)
    それで(すご)(おこ)られたんだよ。
    Sorede sa, sugoku okorareta n da yo.
    Then, I really got yelled at.
Usage notes[edit]

As a male sentence-ending particle, less strong than (zo) or (ze).

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

(sa

  1. (dialectal) to
    ()(とう)(きょう)()ぐだ
    “Ora Tōkyō sa Igu da”
    "I'm Goin' to Tokyo" (1984 song by Yoshi Ikuzō)
Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]