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See also: , か゚, and
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai KA.svg
U+304B, か
HIRAGANA LETTER KA

[U+304A]
Hiragana
[U+304C]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style. Variants include those derived by similar process from , , , , , , , , , , , , and .

Syllable[edit]

(romaji ka)

  1. The hiragana syllable (ka). Its equivalent in katakana is (ka). It is the sixth syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ka-gyō a-dan, row ka, section a).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Compare Korean (kka, interrogative particle).

Counter[edit]

(rōmaji -ka)

  1. : lessons, chapters
  2. , , , : numbers in the Chinese (ichi-ni-san) counting system
  3. : articles
  4. : fruit
  5. : pieces of fruit
  6. : days
  7. : loads that can be carried on foot
  8. : flat framed items

Particle[edit]

(rōmaji ka)

  1. final interrogative particle, similar to a question mark ("?").
     (げん) ()ですか。
    O-genki desu ka.
    How are you? [How is your health?]
  2. particle marking alternatives in a list; "or"
    これ、それ、どっちか (えら)んでよ。
    Kore ka, sore ka, dotchika erande yo.
    This or that, choose one of them.
  3. whether (or not)
     () ()らない。
    Iku ka shiranai.
    I don't know whether he'll go.
  4. indication of doubt
     () (おも)いますが……
    Iku ka to omoimasu ga……
    I think he'll go (but I'm not sure)....
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji ka)

  1. : aroma, scent, fragrance
  2. : mosquito
  3. 鹿: deer
  4. : fire; one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see the "Wu Xing" entry on Wikipedia; under the old Ritsuryō system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
  5. : passable
  6. : family (biological classification)

Prefix[edit]

(rōmaji ka-)

  1. : temporary, unreal
  2. : super-, over-; per (chemistry)

Suffix[edit]

(rōmaji -ka)

  1. : -ist, -er, someone who does something
  2. : department, section; taxonomical family
  3. : section, department; lesson
  4. : permitted, allowed, licensed
  5. : day of the month
  6. : -ification
  7. : under a certain condition
  8. : load

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
1
[suffix]under a situation
[noun]the last volume in a two- or three-volume set
1
[noun]a fire
[noun]one of the five classical elements in traditional Chinese philosophy and medicine: see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Wu Xing on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
[noun]under the old Ritsuryō system of ancient Japan, a military grouping, consisting of 10 soldiers: a squad
[proper noun]Tuesday
[proper noun]Antares, in the constellation Scorpio
2
[noun]a house
[noun]one's own home
[noun]a home; a household
[noun]a family
[suffix](as suffix) an expert, professional, performer
2
[suffix]department, section
[suffix][taxonomy]family
3
[suffix]-ization, -ification; action of making something that way
3
[counter]loads that can be carried on one's shoulders
4
[counter]pieces of fruit
[noun]fruit
[noun][Buddhism]phala, attained state, result
[noun][Buddhism]enlightenment (as the fruits of one's Buddhist practice)
4
[counter]lessons
[counter]chapters of a book
[noun]lesson
[suffix]section, department
[suffix]lesson
5
[noun]passable
[noun]allowed
[suffix]permitted, allowed, licensed
S
[noun]minority
S
[counter]fruit
S
[noun]flashiness, showiness
[proper noun]a surname
[proper noun]a male or female given name
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading か.