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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai DO.png
U+3069, ど
HIRAGANA LETTER DO
Composition: [U+3068] + ◌゙ [U+3099]

[U+3068]
Hiragana
[U+306A]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

The hiragana character (to) with a dakuten ().

Syllable[edit]

(romaji do)

  1. The hiragana syllable (do). Its equivalent in katakana is (do).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Appears to be a relatively recent innovation. In mainstream Japanese, this prefix is used as an intensifier. In the Kansai region, the meaning has further developed to convey more negative overtones.[1][2]

The ultimate derivation is unclear. This may be an extension of the noun (do, degree, extent).

Prefix[edit]

(do-

  1. super-
    あほ
    do-aho
    dumbass

Etymology 3[edit]

Reading of various kanji characters.

Noun[edit]

(do

  1. : degree, extent
  2. : the third of the Eight Principles of Yong

Prefix[edit]

(do-

  1. : indeterminate prefix, used to form question words such as 何れ (dore, which, literally which one) or 何処 (doko, where, literally what place)

Suffix[edit]

(-do

  1. : (geometry) degree of an angle; degree in temperature; number of times; percentage of alcohol concentration

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN