Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai MI.svg
U+307F, み
HIRAGANA LETTER MI

[U+307E]
Hiragana
[U+3080]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
2 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji mi)

  1. The hiragana syllable (mi). Its equivalent in katakana is (mi). It is the thirty-second syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (ma-gyō i-dan, row ma, section i).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
4
[prefix] un-; in- (not yet)
[proper noun] the Sheep, the eighth of the twelve Earthly Branches
3
[affix] flavor, taste
[affix] tasting, savoring
[affix] taste, savor
[affix] Alternative spelling of (mi): body part
[noun] a flavour (UK)/flavor (US), taste
[suffix] counter for kinds of food, drink, medicine, etc.
[suffix] (after an i-adjective stem) Alternative spelling of (mi): -ness
S
[affix] Used in transliterations.
S
[affix] charm; fascination
S
[affix] eyebrow
3
[affix] beauty; beautiful
[suffix] suffix used by female given names, such as 奈美 (なみ, Nami), 恵美 (えみ, Emi; めぐみ, Megumi), 宏美 (ひろみ, Hiromi)
[suffix] (rare) suffix used by male given names
S
[affix] tiny; small; minute
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as み.)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

(mi

  1. : body
  2. : fruit; nut; content

Etymology 4[edit]

Numeral[edit]

(mi

  1. : three

Etymology 5[edit]

Prefix[edit]

(mi-

  1. , , : honorific prefix

Noun[edit]

(mi

  1. , : spirit; god

Etymology 6[edit]

Noun[edit]

(mi

  1. : seeing; look; view

Etymology 7[edit]

Noun[edit]

(mi

  1. :

Etymology 8[edit]

Noun[edit]

(mi

  1. : the Snake, the sixth of the twelve Earthly Branches

Etymology 9[edit]

From Old Japanese. ⟨mi1/mi/

Suffix[edit]

(-mi

  1. : (after an i-adjective stem) -ness; used for "quality" of being, as opposed to suffix , also translated as -ness, used for "degree" of being
    (あたた)(あつ)面白(おもしろ)
    atatakami, atsumi, omoshiromi
    warmth, thickness, interest
  2. (after an i-adjective stem) place
    (たか)(あか)(ふか)
    takami, akarumi, fukami
    high place, bright place, deep place
Usage notes[edit]

Sense 1 is sometimes confused or conflated with Sino-Japanese (mi, taste, flavor), hence the ateji spelling.

See also[edit]

Etymology 10[edit]

From Old Japanese. ⟨mi1/mi/

Considered to be from the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of 見る (miru, to try, to attempt).[1]

Suffix[edit]

(-mi

  1. (after verbs with opposite meanings in the ren'yōkei continuative or -zu negative continuative) indicates alternation of action or state, equivalent to the modern expression たりたり (…tari …tari)
    ()()らず
    furimi furazumi
    sometimes raining and sometimes not raining → raining on and off
    ()(くも)
    terimi kumorimi
    sometimes shiny and sometimes cloudy

Etymology 11[edit]

Old Japanese. ⟨mi1/mi/. Only used in waka since Early Middle Japanese.[2]

Suffix[edit]

(-mi

  1. (obsolete, after an i-adjective stem) as; because
    (やま)(たか)
    yama o takami
    as/because the mountain is high
  2. (obsolete, after an i-adjective stem) Forms an adverbial clause: being
    (やま)(たか)
    yama o takami
    the mountain being high
  3. (obsolete, after an i-adjective stem) Expresses thinking or feeling, followed by verbs like 思ふ and .

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN