Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai A.svg
U+3042, あ
HIRAGANA LETTER A

[U+3041]
Hiragana
[U+3043]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji a)

  1. The hiragana syllable (a). Its equivalent in katakana is (a). It is the first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō a-dan, row a, section a).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Common exclamatory sound made by people of various cultures around the world.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(katakana , rōmaji a)

  1. expresses surprise: Ah! Oh!
    Synonym: あっ (a')
  2. used to get someone's attention
  3. used as a response to someone's call
    Synonym: はい (hai)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
S
[prefix][chemistry]-ous (indicates a lower oxidation number)
[affix]ranking next; coming after; sub-
[affix]Used as a phonetic element in transliterations.
[affix]Short for 亜細亜 (Asia, Asia).
J
[noun]The first letter of Sanskrit, (a).
[affix]to flatter; to pander to
[affix]ridge (of roof); eaves
[affix]A prefix expressing familiarity.
[affix]Used as a phonetic element, especially in words from Sanskrit.
[affix]Short for 阿弗利加 (Afurika, Africa).
[affix]Short for 阿波国 (Awa no kuni, Awa Province).
H
[noun]muteness; dumbness
[affix]mute, dumb
H
[affix]frog (amphibious animal)
H
[affix]illness; disease
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading あ.

Etymology 4[edit]

Hiragana
Kanji

From Old Japanese j-. The short form of あれ (are).

Fell into disuse in roughly the Heian period,[2][1] when it was replaced by (wa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3456)
      宇都世美能 夜蘇許登乃敝波 思気久等母 安良蘇比可祢弖 乎許登奈須那
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3457)
      宇知日佐須 美夜能和我世波 夜麻登女乃 比射麻久其登尓 乎和須良須奈
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3458)
      奈勢能古夜 等里乃乎加恥志 奈可太乎礼 乎祢思奈久与 伊久豆君麻弖尓
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3471)
      思麻良久波 祢都追母安良牟乎 伊米能未尓 母登奈見要都追 乎祢思奈久流
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Yūgao)
      が君、生き出で給へ。いと、いみじき目な見せ給ひそ
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Etymology 5[edit]

Hiragana
Kanji

/ka//a/

Shift in pronunciation from (ka). Appears from the Heian period.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. distal demonstrative, something far off removed from both speaker and listener: that, yon
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Hiragana
Kanji

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) foot

Etymology 7[edit]

Hiragana
Kanji

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) ridge between rice fields; ridge between groves

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan