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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai A.svg
U+3042, あ
HIRAGANA LETTER A

[U+3041]
Hiragana
[U+3043]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Syllable[edit]

(romaji a)

  1. The hiragana syllable (a). Its equivalent in katakana is (a). It is the first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō a-dan, row a, section a).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

(katakana , rōmaji a)

  1. Expresses surprise: Ah! Oh!
    Synonym: あっ (a')
  2. Used to get someone's attention.
  3. Used as a response to someone's call.
    Synonym: はい (hai)

Etymology 3[edit]

On'yomi terms.

Affix[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. :
  2. :
  3. :
  4. :
  5. :

Etymology 4[edit]

Old Japanese. The short form of あれ (, ​are). See also (, ​wa).

Pronoun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. , : (archaic) first-person personal pronoun; I, me
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3456)
      宇都世美能 夜蘇許登乃敝波 思気久等母 安良蘇比可祢弖 乎許登奈須那
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3457)
      宇知日佐須 美夜能和我世波 夜麻登女乃 比射麻久其登尓 乎和須良須奈
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3458)
      奈勢能古夜 等里乃乎加恥志 奈可太乎礼 乎祢思奈久与 伊久豆君麻弖尓
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3471)
      思麻良久波 祢都追母安良牟乎 伊米能未尓 母登奈見要都追 乎祢思奈久流
    • c. 1001–1014, Genji Monogatari (Yūgao)
      が君、生き出で給へ。いと、いみじき目な見せ給ひそ
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Classical Japanese. The short form of あれ (, ​are). See also (ka).

Pronoun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. : (archaic) Synonym of あれ (are, that over there)

Etymology 6[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. : (obsolete) foot

Etymology 7[edit]

Noun[edit]

(rōmaji a)

  1. , : (obsolete) boundary path between rice fields

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN