Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai A.svg
U+3042, あ
HIRAGANA LETTER A

[U+3041]
Hiragana
[U+3043]

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
3 strokes

Etymology 1[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(romaji a)

  1. The hiragana syllable (a). Its equivalent in katakana is (a). It is the first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō a-dan, row a, section a).
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Common exclamatory sound made by people of various cultures around the world.

Pronunciation[edit]

Interjection[edit]

or (a

  1. expresses surprise: Ah! Oh!
    Synonym: あっ (a')
  2. used to get someone's attention
  3. used as a response to someone's call
    Synonym: はい (hai)

Etymology 3[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
S
[prefix] (chemistry) indicates a lower oxidation number: -ous
[affix] ranking next, coming after, sub-
[affix] Used as a phonetic element in transliterations, especially:
[affix] Short for 亜細亜 (Ajia): Asia
[affix] (obsolete) Short for 亜米利加 (Amerika): America, the United States
[affix] Alternative spelling of (a): white earth
[proper noun] a female given name
J
[noun] The first letter of Sanskrit, (a).
[affix] to flatter; to pander to
[affix] ridge (of roof); eaves
[affix] A prefix expressing familiarity.
[affix] Used as a phonetic element, especially in words from Sanskrit.
[affix] Short for 阿弗利加 (Afurika, Africa).
[affix] Short for 阿波国 (Awa no kuni, Awa Province).
H
[noun] muteness; dumbness
[affix] mute, dumb
H
[affix] frog (amphibious animal)
H
[affix] illness; disease
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as , not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as あ.)

Etymology 4[edit]

Alternative spellings

From Old Japanese. The short form of あれ (are).

Fell into disuse in roughly the Heian period,[2][1] when it was replaced by (wa).

Pronoun[edit]

(a

  1. (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Yūgao)
      が君、生き出で給へ。いと、いみじき目な見せ給ひそ
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
      [translit?]

See also[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Alternative spelling

/ka//a/

Shift in pronunciation from (ka). Appears from the Heian period.[2]

Pronoun[edit]

(a

  1. distal demonstrative, something far off removed from both speaker and listener: that, yon
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Alternative spelling

Noun[edit]

(a

  1. (obsolete) foot

Etymology 7[edit]

Alternative spellings

Noun[edit]

(a

  1. (obsolete) ridge between rice fields; ridge between groves

Etymology 8[edit]

Alternative spellings

Alternative spelling of あん (an), the onbin form of あり (ari) or ある (aru), with the (n) omitted in writing

Verb[edit]

(a

  1. (Classical Japanese) to be, to exist

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan