ここ

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See also: こご and ごご

Japanese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ここ (rōmaji koko)

  1. 此処: (deictically) this place, area, or part (near the speaker). Can be juxtaposed with a phrase with or .
    • 1985 December 20, Watanabe, Taeko, “だい四十八 ぞく [Chapter 48: Family Ⅰ]”, in ファミリー! [Family!], volume 11 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-131841-X, page 72:
      シアトルからへは…むすたずねてきました…ぼくは———ジョナサン・アレンのちちおやです
      Shiatoru kara koko e wa… musuko o tazuneteki mashita …Boku wa ———Jonasan Aren no chichioya desu
      I came here from Seattle… to look for my son …I am ———Jonathan Allen’s father
    • 2004 August 17, CLAMP, “Chapitreシャピトル.46 ゆめかい [Chapitre.46 Dream World]”, in ツバサ RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE [Tsubasa: RESERVoir CHRoNiCLE], volume 7 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, ISBN 4-06-363416-7, page 91:
      ここ桜花 (エドニス) (こく)にある妖精遊園地 (フェアリーパーク)
      Koko wa Edonisu-koku ni aru Fearī Pāku
      This is Fairy Park of Edonis
  2. 此処: (deictically) this organization or team (near the speaker). Can be juxtaposed with a phrase with or .
  3. 此処: (anaphorically) this place, area, or part I am talking about (only the speaker knows).
  4. 此処: (anaphorically) this organization or team I am talking about (only the speaker knows).

Usage notes[edit]

  • The hiragana spelling (ここ) is preferred to the kanji spelling (此処), which is rarely used.

See also[edit]