どう

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See also: とう

Japanese[edit]

Alternative spelling 如何 (rare)

Etymology 1[edit]

First cited to 1604 in the Portuguese work Arte da Lingoa de Iapam.[1]

The initial (do) may be cognate with the interrogative (do) seen in どれ (dore), どこ (doko), どち (dochi).[1]

Alternatively, possibly from older form だう (dau), much like the shift from かう (kau)こう (, like this, this way), or さう (sau)そう (, like that, that way). This shift is apparently suggested in the Arte da Lingoa de Iapam entry of Dǒxô, presumably どうしよう (dō shiyō).[1] However, the expected entries or dǒxô are missing from the 1603 Nippo Jisho.[2]

The kanji spelling is an example of jukujikun (熟字訓), using the corresponding Chinese term for the spelling and the underlying Japanese root word for the reading.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

どう (

  1. in what manner, how
    Synonym: いかが (ikaga)
    どうやったの?
    yatta no?
    How did you do it?
    どうやってもできない
    yatte mo dekinai
    can't do it no matter what
    どうだ!
    da!
    How is it, huh? (smug/triumphant)
    どうだろう。
    darō.
    I wonder.
    計画(けいかく)どうなっているのか()らない。
    Keikaku ga natteiru no ka shiranai.
    I don't know how the project is going.
  2. what about... (used to make a suggestion)
    (ちゃ)どう
    Ocha, ?
    How about some tea?
    あなたはどうですか?
    Anata wa desu ka?
    How about you? / What about you?
Usage notes[edit]

The term is generally considered more prosaic and informal than the synonym いかが (ikaga).

More commonly spelled in hiragana as どう. The kanji spelling 如何 is rare.

Derived terms[edit]

Interjection[edit]

どう (

  1. Casual greeting: Howdy? What's new? What's up?
    どう?まあまあ。
    ? Māmā.
    Howdy? So-so.
  2. Casual question: It works? Is it OK?
    どう?いいんじゃない。
    ? Ii n ja nai.
    It works? Seems OK.
  3. Call out to horses or cows to control/stop them: Ho! Hoy! Whoa!

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of どう – see the following entries.
S
[noun] body, torso, trunk
5
[noun] temple
[noun] shrine
[noun] hall
[prefix] magnificent (building)
S
[noun] hub (central part of a wheel)
2
[noun] Tao (the way of nature); Taoism
[noun] (chiefly historical) A region of Japan consisting of multiple provinces or prefectures. Feudal Japan was divided into several ; the only remaining is Hokkaidō. (Often translated as circuit.)
[proper noun] A surname​.
5
[noun] copper, Cu
H
[noun] in ancient China, a gong used in the army to signal the drumming to stop
[noun] (Buddhism) a kind of gong used at Buddhist temples
2
[prefix] same
5
[noun] temple
[noun] shrine
[noun] hall
[prefix] magnificent (building)
(This term, どう, is an alternative spelling of the above Sino-Japanese terms.
For a list of all kanji read as どう, not just those used in Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji read as どう.)

(The following entries are uncreated: , .)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1603, 日葡辞書: パリ本 / Vocabulario da Lingoa Iapam (Nippo Jisho: Paris edition / Vocabulary of the Language of Japan) (in Japanese and Portuguese), 1976 reprint, Tōkyō: Bensei Publishing, relevant page here
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN