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See also: , , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
同-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
同-oracle.svg 同-bronze.svg 同-silk.svg 同-bigseal.svg 同-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(all) +  ‎(mouth) together.

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 月一口 (BMR), four-corner 77220, composition𠮛)

  1. same, similar
  2. together with

Derived characters[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 175, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 389, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 578, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+540C

Chinese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (7)
Final: (1)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: tóng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/duŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dəwŋ/ /duŋ/ /duŋ/ /dʱuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tóng ‹ duwng › /*lˤoŋ/ together, join

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12446 0 /*doːŋ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. same; identical
    一個世界一個夢想 / 一个世界一个梦想  ―  Tóng yīge shìjiè, tóng yīge mèngxiǎng.  ―  One World, One Dream. (literally "The Same World, The Same Dream")

Preposition[edit]

  1. Indicating accompany.
      ―  tóng nǐ qù  ―  I am going with you.
  2. Indicating relationship.
    無關 / 无关  ―  tóng zhè jiàn shì wúguān.  ―  He has nothing to do with this.
  3. Indicating comparison.
    今年氣候往年一樣 [MSC, trad.]
    今年气候往年一样 [MSC, simp.]
    Jīnnián de qìhòu tóng wǎngnián bù yīyàng. [Pinyin]
    The climate this year is different from which of the past.
  4. (Cantonese) for
    甜酸醬唔該 / 甜酸酱唔该 [Cantonese]  ―  Tung4 ngo5 lo2 jat1 gun3 tim4 syun1 zoeng3, m4 goi1. [Jyutping]  ―  Please get me a can of sweet-and-sour sauce.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (with):
Dialectal synonyms of ("and")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou 同埋
Hong Kong 同埋
Taishan 同埋
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Nan Quanzhou
Xiamen
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Malaysia
Chaozhou
Wu Wenzhou

Conjunction[edit]

  1. and

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
どう
Grade: 2
kan'yōon

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(duwng, same).

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana どう, romaji dō-)

  1. same

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dong) (hangeul , revised dong, McCune-Reischauer tong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đồng), đùng, đang

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999