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U+521D, 初
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-521D

[U+521C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+521E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中尸竹 (LSH), four-corner 37220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 137, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 310, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 327, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+521D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
初-oracle.svg 初-bronze.svg 初-silk.svg 初-seal.svg 初-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (clothes) +  (knife; to cut) – start making clothes by cutting the cloth.

The various 𢀰-shaped glyphs are or are evolved from Zetian characters.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chho͘ - literary;
  • chhoe/chhe - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (19)
    Final () (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chū
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    chū
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tsrhjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ts]ʰra/
    English beginning

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 1589
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰra/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. initial; inceptive
    2. original; first; primary
    3. elementary; basic
    4. beginning; start
    5. initially; originally

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. beginning, start, first

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    See also[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うい
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    upi > uɸi > uwi > ui.

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うい, rōmaji ui, historical hiragana うひ)

    1. the first; a start

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana うい, rōmaji ui-, historical hiragana うひ)

    1. first

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    はつ
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.

    patu > ɸatu > hatu

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana はつ, rōmaji hatsu)

    1. the first; a start; the beginning
      今年 (ことし) (はつ)コンサート
      kotoshi hatsu no konsāto
      the first concert of this year
    2. first sexual relations
    Antonyms

    Prefix[edit]

    (hiragana はつ, rōmaji hatsu-)

    1. first

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    From 始め (hajime, beginning, first).

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana はじめ, rōmaji Hajime)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune–Reischauer ch'o)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.