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U+521D, 初
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-521D

[U+521C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+521E]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中尸竹 (LSH), four-corner 37220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 137, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 310, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 327, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+521D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
初-oracle.svg 初-bronze.svg 初-silk.svg 初-seal.svg 初-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (clothes) +  (knife; to cut) – start making clothes by cutting the cloth.

The various 𢀰-shaped glyphs are or are evolved from Zetian characters.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chho͘ - literary;
  • chhoe/chhe - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ʰra/
English beginning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1589
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰra/

Definitions[edit]

  1. initial; inceptive
  2. original; first; primary
  3. elementary; basic
  4. beginning; start
  5. initially; originally

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beginning, start, first

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うい
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

upi > uɸi > uwi > ui.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うい, rōmaji ui, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. the first; a start

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana うい, rōmaji ui-, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. first

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はつ
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

patu > ɸatu > hatu

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はつ, rōmaji hatsu)

  1. the first; a start; the beginning
    今年 (ことし) (はつ)コンサート
    kotoshi hatsu no konsāto
    the first concert of this year
  2. first sexual relations
Antonyms

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana はつ, rōmaji hatsu-)

  1. first

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

From 始め (hajime, beginning, first).

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana はじめ, rōmaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.