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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
初-oracle.svg 初-bronze.svg 初-silk.svg 初-bigseal.svg 初-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + : start making clothes (衣) by cutting (刀) the cloth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 18 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中尸竹 (LSH), four-corner 37220, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 137, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1911
  • Dae Jaweon: page 310, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 327, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+521D

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (19)
Final () (22)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰɨʌ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰiɔ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiɔ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰɨə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰiɔ/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰĭo/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰi̯wo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chū
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsrhjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ʰra/
English beginning

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1589
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰra/

Definitions[edit]

  1. beginning, initial, primary

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beginning, start, first

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うい
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

upi > uɸi > uwi > ui.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. the first; a start

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana うい, romaji ui-, historical hiragana うひ)

  1. first

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
はつ
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.

patu > ɸatu > hatu

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はつ, romaji hatsu)

  1. the first; a start
    今年 (ことし) (はつ)コンサート
    kotoshi hatsu no konsāto
    the first concert of this year
  2. first sexual relations

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana はつ, romaji hatsu-)

  1. first

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4
kun'yomi

From 始め ‎(hajime, beginning, first).

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cho) (hangeul , revised cho, McCune-Reischauer ch'o)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

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