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Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5
Code point U+65E5
Entity number 日
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E4] [U+65E6]
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
日-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

日-oracle.svg 日-bronze.svg 日-bigseal.svg 日-seal.svg
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of the Sun. Compare earlier forms of the character (most notably the oracle bone script and bronze script forms of the character) with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter
  • is sometimes simplified to 日, as in

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (日), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 日 (38)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 人質切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiɪt̚/ /ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/ /ȵiĕt̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵit̚/ /ȵʑĭĕt̚/ /ȵʑjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nyit › /*C.nik/ sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10845 2 /*njiɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary) sun
  2. (literary) day
  3. (literary) day of the month
  4. Abbreviation of 日本: Japan; Japanese; Nippo-
    詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese /hi1/. This is distinct from ‎(hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notes[edit]

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4[edit]

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhật, nhất, nhắt, nhứt)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]