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U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
日-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, (sun).

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
日-oracle.svg 日-bronze.svg 日-silk.svg 日-bigseal.svg 日-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niːɡ
*niɡ, *njiɡ
*njiɡ
*njiɡ

Pictogram (象形) – pictographic representation of the Sun. Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
/ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
/ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
/ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /i²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
/lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
/zit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nik/
English sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njiɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (astronomy) Sun
  2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
  3. day; twenty-four hours
  4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
  5. day of the month
  6. Classifier for days.
  7. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
  8. (vulgar) to fuck

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 太陽 (“sun”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 太陽
Mandarin Beijing 太陽老爺兒
Taiwan 太陽
Harbin 太陽日頭老爺兒老太爺兒
Shenyang 日頭
Jinan 太陽老爺爺兒
Muping 日頭
Luoyang 日頭太陽
Wanrong 爺爺太陽日頭
Xi'an 日頭日頭爺太陽爺
Xining 日頭兒天氣天氣兒
Xuzhou 太陽
Yinchuan 太陽日頭
Ürümqi 太陽
Wuhan 太陽日頭
Chengdu 太陽
Guiyang 太陽
Liuzhou 日頭太陽
Kunming 太陽
Yangzhou 太陽
Nanjing 太陽日頭
Hefei 太陽熱頭
Cantonese Guangzhou 熱頭日頭太陽
Hong Kong 太陽熱頭日頭
Dongguan 熱頭
Taishan 日頭
Yangjiang 熱頭日頭
Gan Nanchang 日頭太陽
Lichuan 熱頭
Pingxiang 日頭日頭牯
Hakka Meixian 日頭
Yudu 日頭太陽
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 日頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 日頭
Hsinchu (Hailu) 日頭
Dongshi (Dabu) 日頭
Zhuolan (Raoping) 日頭熱頭
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 日頭
Hui Jixi 日頭日頭孔
Jin Taiyuan 陽婆陽婆爺太陽
Xinzhou 爺爺
Min Bei Jian'ou 日頭
Min Dong Fuzhou 日頭
Min Nan Xiamen 日頭
Quanzhou 日頭
Zhangzhou 日頭
Taipei 日頭
Kaohsiung 日頭
Tainan 日頭
Taichung 日頭
Yilan 太陽日頭
Lukang 日頭公
Sanxia 日頭
Kinmen 日頭
Magong 日頭
Hsinchu 日頭
Malaysia 日頭
Chaozhou 日頭日頭公
Haikou 日頭
Leizhou 日頭
Pinghua Nanning 熱頭日頭
Wu Shanghai 太陽日頭
Suzhou 太陽日頭
Hangzhou 太陽
Wenzhou 太陽太陽佛熱頭熱頭佛
Chongming 日頭
Danyang 太陽日頭
Jinhua 日頭日頭孔
Ningbo 日頭太陽
Xiang Changsha 太陽日頭太陽菩薩
Shuangfeng 日頭太陽
Loudi 日頭日頭窠
Dialectal synonyms of (“day (24 hours)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Malaysia
Wu Shanghai
Xiang Changsha
  • (day of the month): (hào)

Antonyms[edit]

  • (, “night”)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese /hi1/ invalid IPA characters (1). This is distinct from (hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ invalid IPA characters (2) in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notes[edit]

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4[edit]

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(il)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhật, nhất, nhắt, nhứt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]