Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Character U+65E5, 日
Name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5
Block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E4] [U+65E6]
See also: , , , , and 𐌇

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
日-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
日-oracle.svg 日-bronze.svg 日-silk.svg 日-bigseal.svg 日-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) - pictographic representation of the Sun. Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun ().

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 日 (A), four-corner 60100)

  1. Kangxi radical #72, ‎(sun).

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Not to be confused with , which is generally wider and shorter

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *nəj.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
/ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
/ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
/ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /i²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
/lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ni⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /zik̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /zit̚⁵/
/zit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nik/
English sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njiɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) sun
  2. (literary or dialectal) day
  3. day of the month
  4. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    詞典 / 词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

  • () (night)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. day
  2. sun
  3. counter for days
  4. birthday
  5. Japan

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese /hi1/. This is distinct from ‎(hi), consistently rendered as /hi2/ in Old Japanese. See Jōdai Tokushu Kanazukai for details on Old Japanese readings.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi)

  1. sun
  2. day

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana にち, romaji Nichi)

  1. short form for Japan or Japanese, Nippo- (prefix)
    日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
    Nichi-Ro sensō
    Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Apophonic form of /hi/. Obsolete; only used in compounds in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

In compounds, this is often realized simply as /u/, [ɯᵝ].

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji fu)

  1. (obsolete) day
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. number of days

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. day of the month

Usage notes[edit]

The use of ka for the number of days or day of the month is somewhat irregular in Japanese, and only applies to certain numbers, as listed below from 1 to 31.

Etymology 4[edit]

Apophonic form of /ka/. Obsolete; only used in certain set phrases in modern Japanese.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji ke)

  1. (obsolete) days
    Only used in plural contexts. Never used to indicate a single day.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana にち, romaji -nichi)

  1. -th
    27日 (にじゅうしちにち)
    nijūshichi-nichi
    the 27th

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: nal, McCune-Reischauer: nal, Yale: nal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun[edit]

  1. (as an abbreviation) Sunday

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhật, nhất, nhắt, nhứt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]