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See also: EI, El, , , , , , 𭺫, 𭺪, , 𐌇, and 𐩳

U+65E5, 日
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65E5

[U+65E4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65E6]
U+2F47, ⽇
KANGXI RADICAL SUN

[U+2F46]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F48]
Commons:Category
Commons:Category
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Translingual

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Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 72, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input (A), four-corner 60100, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #72, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №231

Usage notes

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  • Not to be confused with (Kangxi radical #73), which is generally wider and shorter.

Derived characters

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Descendants

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 489, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13733
  • Dae Jaweon: page 848, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1482, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+65E5

Further reading

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Chinese

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Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) – the Sun. A dot or line was added in the centre to distinguish it from visually similar characters, e.g. (early form of ). Compare earlier forms of the character with the astronomical and astrological symbol for the Sun () and the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓇳.

Etymology 1

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-nəj. Cognate to Tibetan ཉི་མ (nyi ma, sun, day), Burmese နေ (ne, sun) or Burmese နေ့ (ne., day), S'gaw Karen နံၤ (, day), and Nuosu (nyip, day, daytime).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • ngit5 - literary;
  • ngit1 - “day”;
  • ngit4* - “daytime”.
Note: mì - only used in 日頭日头.
Note: ji̍t - pronounced in some parts of Anxi, Nan'an and Yongchun counties as well.
Note:
  • rig8 - Chaozhou, Shantou, Chaoyang, Chenghai, Raoping;
  • rêg8 - Jieyang.
    • (Leizhou)
      • Leizhou Pinyin: yieg8 / yig4
      • Sinological IPA: /ziek̚²/, /zik̚⁵/
Note:
  • yieg8 - vernacular;
  • yig4 - literary.
Note:
  • 8gniq - vernacular;
  • 8zeq/8zyuq/8zhiq - literary.
Note:
  • nyi6 - vernacular;
  • r6 - literary.
Note:
  • ni4 - vernacular;
  • i4 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʐʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /i⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
Xi'an /əʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʐʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʐʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /ɯ²¹³/
Chengdu /zz̩³¹/
Guiyang /zz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʐʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʐʐ̩ʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zəʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐʐ̩⁵⁵/ ~子
/ʐəʔ⁴³/ ~弄
Wu Shanghai /zəʔ¹/
/ȵiɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /zəʔ³/
/ȵiəʔ³/
Hangzhou /zəʔ²/
Wenzhou /zai²¹³/ ~本
/ne²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ni²²/
Tunxi /ȵie¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ʐʐ̩²⁴/
/ȵi²⁴/
Xiangtan /i²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiʔ⁵/
/lɨʔ⁵/ ~曆
Hakka Meixian /ŋit̚¹/
Taoyuan /ŋit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐt̚²/
Nanning /jɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /jɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /lit̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /niʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ni⁴²/
Shantou (Teochew) /zik̚⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /zit̚⁵/
/zit̚³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (38)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter nyit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵit̚/
Li
Rong
/ȵiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jat6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyit ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.nik/
English sun; day

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 10845
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njiɡ/

Definitions

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  1. (astronomy) Sun
  2. daytime; time between sunrise and sunset
      ―  bān  ―  day shift
    Antonyms: (), 夜間夜间 (yèjiān), 夜晚 (yèwǎn), 晚上 (wǎnshang)
  3. day; twenty-four hours
  4. everyday; daily; day-to-day
  5. day of the month
    三月  ―  sān yuè sì   ―  March 4
    Synonym: (hào)
  6. some day; some other time
  7. former times; previous times; the past
  8. time; period; age
  9. Classifier for days.
  10. Short for 日本 (Rìběn, “Japan; Japanese; Nippo-”):
    詞典词典  ―  zhōng cídiǎn  ―  Chinese-Japanese dictionary
    咖喱  ―  shì gālí  ―  Japanese curry
  11. Alternative form of (èr, two)
  12. (obsolete) Short for 日斯巴尼亞日斯巴尼亚 (Rìsībāníyà, “Spain”).
  13. () (Chinese linguistics) the Middle Chinese initial of (MC nyit)
Synonyms
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Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():

Etymology 2

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Essentially a substitute character for (MC nyip, “to enter”) that preserves the expected modern pronunciation of ; see the etymology there for more.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. (dialectal Mandarin, dialectal Jin, dialectal Wu, dialectal Xiang, vulgar, often in abuses) to fuck; to have sexual intercourse with
      ―  gǒu  ―  fucking
Synonyms
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Etymology 3

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simp. and trad.

Pronunciation

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Definitions

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  1. Only used in , a Han dynasty-era personal name borne by Jin Midi (金日磾) and Ma Midi (馬日磾).

Etymology 4

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For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“season; time; etc.”).
(This character is an ancient form of ).

References

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(First grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
にち
Grade: 1
goon

/nʲitɨ//nit͡ɕi/

From Middle Chinese (MC nyit).

Pronunciation

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This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun

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(にち) (nichi

  1. Short for 日曜日 (nichiyōbi): Sunday

Counter

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(にち) (-nichi

  1. ordinal day of a month
    27(にじゅうしち)(にち)nijūshichi-nichithe 27th
  2. number of days
    (たん)(じょう)()まであと12(じゅうに)(にち)tanjōbi made ato jūni-nichi daMy birthday is in 12 days.
Usage notes
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Sometimes shortened to んち (-nchi) or (-chi).

Derived terms
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See also
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Japanese number-counter combinations for
1(st) 2(nd) 3(rd) 4(th) 5(th) 6(th) 7(th) 8(th) 9(th) 10(th)
How many? (いち)(にち) (ichinichi) (ふつ)() (futsuka) (みっ)() (mikka) (よっ)() (yokka) (いつ)() (itsuka) (むい)() (muika) (なの)() (nanoka)
(なぬ)() (nanuka)
(よう)() (yōka) (ここの)() (kokonoka) (とお)() (tōka)
What day? 一日(ついたち) (tsuitachi)
(いっ)() (ippi)
11(th) 12(th) 13(th) 14(th) 15(th) 16(th) 17(th) 18(th) 19(th) 20(th)
(じゅう)(いち)(にち) (jūichinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūninichi) (じゅう)(さん)(にち) (jūsannichi) (じゅう)(よっ)() (jūyokka) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūgonichi) (じゅう)(ろく)(にち) (jūrokunichi) (じゅう)(しち)(にち) (jūshichinichi) (じゅう)(はち)(にち) (jūhachinichi) (じゅう)()(にち) (jūkunichi) 二十(はつ)() (hatsuka)
24(th) 27(th) 29(th) 30(th) 40(th) 50(th) 100(th) 1,000(th) 10,000(th) ?
()(じゅう)(よっ)() (nijūyokka) ()(じゅう)(しち)(にち) (nijūshichinichi) ()(じゅう)()(にち) (nijūkunichi) (さん)(じゅう)(にち) (sanjūnichi)
()()() (misoka)
()(じゅう)(にち) (shijūnichi)
()()() (yosoka)
()(じゅう)(にち) (gojūnichi)
五十()() (ika)
(ひゃく)(にち) (hyakunichi)
(もも)() (momoka)
(せん)(にち) (sennichi) (いち)(まん)(にち) (ichimannichi) (なん)(にち) (nannichi)

Affix

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