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See also:
U+6642, 時
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6642

[U+6641]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6643]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
時-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日土木戈 (AGDI), four-corner 64041, composition(GJKV) or ⿰(TH))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 494, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 859, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1505, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6642

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
時-oracle.svg 時-bronze.svg 時-silk.svg 時-bigseal.svg 時-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tɯːʔ, *tɯːŋʔ
dɯːʔ
ljɯs
l'ɯ
dɯʔ
dɯʔ
dɯʔ
dɯʔ
dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ
dɯʔ, *tjɯʔ, *djɯʔ
dɯʔ, *djɯs
dɯʔ
djɯ
djɯ
djɯ
djɯ, *djɯs
djɯ
djɯʔ
djɯs
hljɯ
hljɯ
dɯːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djɯ): semantic  (sun; day) + phonetic  (OC *ljɯs).

In ancient scripts, it had the form , with (OC *tjɯ) as the phonetic instead.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Tianjin /sz̩⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩⁴²/
Xi'an /sz̩²⁴/
Xining /sz̩²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Ürümqi /sz̩⁵¹/
Wuhan /sz̩²¹³/
Chengdu /sz̩³¹/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩³¹/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ¹³/
Hangzhou /zz̩²¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /sz̩⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕi⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩¹²/
Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sz̩¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃï¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /si²¹/
Nanning /si²¹/
Hong Kong /si²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /si³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /si⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /si⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ti³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑɨ/
Li
Rong
/ʑiə/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shí
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyi ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ə/ (~ *[d]əʔ)
English time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12042
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. time, season
  2. seasonal
  3. hour
  4. era, age, period
  5. opportunity
  6. current, contemporary
  7. when, time when
    白銀可以貴金屬用做貨幣稱為白銀 [MSC, trad.]
    白银可以贵金属用做货币称为白银 [MSC, simp.]
    From: Chinese Wikipedia, 白銀
    Báiyín kěyǐ zhǐ: Yín, guìjīnshǔ, yòngzuò huòbì shí kě chēngwèi báiyín [Pinyin]
    Baiyin may refer to: silver, a precious metal; when used as currency it may be referred to as baiyin
  8. occasionally

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. time

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とき, rōmaji toki)

  1. time
     (とき) (なが)
    toki no nagare
    the flow of time
  2. a case; occasion; time
     (こま)った (とき) (わたし) (そう) (だん)してください。
    Komatta toki wa watashi ni sōdan shite kudasai.
    Please consult with me when troubled (in times of trouble).
  3. time of something
  4. a season
  5. a tense

Etymology 2[edit]

Counter[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

  1. hour, o’clock
     () (けい) ()ると、ちょうど (じゅう) () ()34 (さんじゅうよん) (ぷん)56 (ごじゅうろく) (びょう)だった。
    Tokei o miru to, chōdo jūni-ji sanjūyon-pun gojūroku-byō datta.
    When I looked at the clock, it was just 56 seconds past 12:34.
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji -ji)

  1. at the time of

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
  2. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(si) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

  1. time

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thì, thời)

  1. time