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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
時-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

There are multiple possibilities:

  • Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  ‎(time) +  (phonetic)
  • Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(time) +  ‎(temple)

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 日土木戈 (AGDI), four-corner 64041, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 494, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 859, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1505, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6642

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (時), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市之切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑi/ /ʑiə/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /d͡ʑɨ/ /ʑĭə/ /d͡ʑie/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shí ‹ dzyi › /*[d]ə (~ *[d]əʔ)/ time

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12042 0 /*djɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. when, time when
  2. time, season
  3. hour
  4. era, age, period

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
とき
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana とき, romaji toki)

  1. time
    • 2011, オワタP, アンデルツェ
       (とき) (もど)せない
      toki wa modosenai
      Time is irreversible
  2. a case; occasion; time
    現実逃避 (げんじつとうひ) (とき)はWiktionaryを編集 (へんしゅう)します。
    Genjitsu tōhi no toki wa Wiktionary o henshū shimasu.
    I edit Wiktionary when escaping reality.
     (こま)った (とき) (わたし)相談 (そうだん)してください。
    Komatta toki wa watashi ni sōdan shite kudasai.
    Please consult with me when troubled (in times of trouble).
  3. time of something
  4. a season
  5. a tense

Counter[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. hour, o’clock
    時計見ると、ちょうど十二三十四五十六だった。
    とけいみると、ちょうどじゅうにさんじゅうよんぷんごじゅうろくびょうだった。
    Tokei o miru to, chōdo jūni-ji sanjūyon-pun gojūroku-byō datta.
    When I looked at the clock, it was just 56 seconds past 12:34.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -ji)

  1. at the time of

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(si) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer si, Yale si)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thì, thời)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.