時雨

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See also: 时雨

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
rain
trad. (時雨)
simp. (时雨)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

時雨

  1. timely rain

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (時雨):
  • Japanese: 時雨(じう) (jiu)

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
しぐれ
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
jukujikun

From Old Japanese.

The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of classical verb 時雨る (shiguru), modern 時雨れる (shigureru, to rain a shower).

Orthographic borrowing from Chinese 時雨时雨 (shíyǔ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時雨(しぐれ) (shigure

  1. a rainshower in late summer, autumn, or winter
    • [2]
      𩅧雨 孫愐曰:「𩅧雨小雨也。」音與終同。漢鈔云:[之久禮
      Drizzle - Sun Mian said: drizzle is a light rain. The pronunciation is the same with (shū). A Han banknote reads “shigure”.
  2. (by extension, figurative) shedding tears
  3. Short for 時雨煮 (shigureni), 時雨羹 (shigurekan), 時雨饅頭 (shigure manjū), etc.
  4. Short for 時雨蛤 (shigure hamaguri): clams cooked in the shigureni method with soy sauce; a specialty of Kuwana, Mie Prefecture
Usage notes[edit]

As a 季語 (kigo, seasonal word), originally referred to rainshowers in late autumn to early winter. The extension to include late summer and the whole of autumn is only attested between the compilation of the Kokin and Kin'yō Wakashū. Today, shigure only refers to a winter rainshower.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

時雨(しぐれ)する (shigure surusuru (stem 時雨(しぐれ) (shigure shi), past 時雨(しぐれ)した (shigure shita))

  1. to rain a shower
  2. to shed tears
Conjugation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

時雨(しぐれ) (Shigure

  1. name of an 泡盛 (awamori, Okinawan liquor made from rice or millet)
  2. a Shiratsuyu-class destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, see Japanese destroyer Shigure (1935) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  3. a female given name
  4. a surname

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
goon

From Middle Chinese 時雨 (MC dzyi hjuX). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

()() (jiu

  1. timely or seasonable rain
  2. Same as しぐれ (shigure) above
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

()() (Jiu

  1. a female given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 時雨”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984

Further reading[edit]

Old Japanese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The 未然形 (mizenkei, irrealis form) and 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 時雨る (siguru, to rain a shower).

Noun[edit]

時雨 (sigure) (kana しぐれ)

  1. a rainshower in late autumn or early winter
    Synonym: 時雨の雨 (sigure no2 ame2)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū, (book 10, poem 2214):
      , text here
      夕去者鴈之越徃龍田山四具礼尓競色付尓家里
      yupu sareba kari no2 koyeyuku Tatuta-yama sigure ni ki1popi1 iro2duki1nike1ri
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Descendants[edit]