時雨

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See also: 时雨

Chinese[edit]

 
o'clock; time; when; hour; season; period
rain
trad. (時雨)
simp. (时雨)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

時雨

  1. timely rain

Japanese[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: 1
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Found in the Wamyō Ruijushō as 𩅧, and phonetically as 之久禮.

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative form) of classical verb 時雨る (shiguru),[1] modern 時雨れる (shigureru, to rain a shower). Possibly cognate with Okinawan なしぐり (nasiguri, summer rain).

Like its verb forms, the kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 時雨.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

時雨 (hiragana しぐれ, rōmaji shigure)

  1. rainshower in late summer, autumn, or early winter
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 10, poem 2180), text here
       (なが) (つき) () (しぐ) () () (あめ) () (ぬれ) (とほり)春日 (かすが) () (やま) ()色付 (いろづき) () (けり) [Man'yōgana]
      九月 (ながつき)しぐれ (あめ) () (とほ)春日 (かすが) (やま) (いろ)づきにけり [Modern spelling]
      nagatsuki no shigure no ame ni nure-tōri Kasuga-no-yama wa irozuki ni keri
      The long month―and the seasonal chill rains come drenching down: now in Kasuga the hills begin to tinge with color.[3]
  2. (by extension) drizzle, light rain
  3. Short for 時雨煮 (shigureni, seafood preserve).
  4. tears falling
Synoynms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

時雨 (hiragana しぐれ, rōmaji Shigure)

  1. name of an 泡盛 (awamori, Okinawan liquor made from rice or millet)
  2. a destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, see Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Japanese destroyer Shigure (1935) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  3. A female given name
  4. A surname​.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on’yomi

Appears to be derived from Middle Chinese 時雨 (MC d͡ʑɨ ɦɨoX|ɦɨoH). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

時雨 (hiragana じう, rōmaji jiu)

  1. timely or seasonable rain
  2. Synonym of しぐれ above
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

時雨 (hiragana じう, rōmaji Jiu)

  1. A female given name

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yamada Bimyō (1893) Nihon Dai Jiten, Tokyo: Nihon Dai Jisho Hakkō-jo
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup, Stanford University Press, ISBN 0-8047-3157-8, page 676

Futher reading[edit]