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Character
Unicode name HIRAGANA LETTER SI
Unicode block Hiragana
Codepoint U+3057
See also: , , and

Japanese[edit]

Stroke order
し-bw.png

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with demonstrative pronoun so.

Pronoun[edit]

‎(romaji shi)

  1. third person personal pronoun; he, she, it
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 5, poem #904)
      [...] 夕星乃 由布弊尓奈礼婆 伊射祢余登 手乎多豆佐波里 父母毛 表者奈佐我利 三枝之 中尓乎祢牟登 愛久 我可多良倍婆 [...]
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 19, poem #4191)
      鵜河立 取左牟安由能 我波多波 吾等尓可伎无気 念之念婆
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 19, poem #4254)
      [...] 八隅知之 吾大皇 秋花 我色々尓 見賜 明米多麻比 酒見附 榮流今日之 安夜尓貴左 [...]
  2. reflexive pronoun; one, oneself
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 18, poem #4094)
      [...] 八十伴雄乎 麻都呂倍乃 牟気乃麻尓々々 老人毛 女童児毛 我願 心太良比尓 撫賜 治賜婆 [...]
    • c. 935: Tosa Nikki (day 24)
      廿四日。講師、むまのはなむけしにいでませり。ありとあるかみしも、わらはまでゑひしれて、一文字をだにしらぬもの、があしは十文字にふみてぞあそぶ。
    • c. late 10th century: Ochikubo Monogatari (Volume 1)
      あなわかわかしの晝寢や。が身のほど知らぬこそいと心憂けれ」とて、うちあざわらひ給ふ。

Etymology 2[edit]

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

(Hepburn romanization shi)

  1. The hiragana syllable ‎(shi), whose equivalent in katakana is ‎(shi). It is the twelfth syllable of the gojūon order, and its position in gojūon tables is (SA-gyō, I-dan; “row SA, section I”).
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(romaji shi)

  1. : four
  2. : poem, verse
  3. : death
  4. : teacher, Reverend
  5. : civil service

Etymology 4[edit]

Suffix[edit]

‎(romaji -shi)

  1. : city

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji reading[edit]

‎(romaji shi)

On-reading of:[edit]

References[edit]