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U+6C0F, 氏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6C0F

[U+6C0E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6C10]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
氏-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹女心 (HVP), four-corner 72740)

  1. Kangxi radical #83, (clan).
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №449

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 597, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17026
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C0F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
氏-oracle.svg 氏-bronze.svg 氏-silk.svg 氏-bigseal.svg 氏-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*skeŋ, *kje, *ɡjeʔ
*kje, *ɡe
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ
*kjeʔ, *tjil
*ɡje, *ɡe
*ɡje, *ɡils
*ɦljeʔ
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe
*ɡe

Pictogram (象形) – a man bowing over to the left. Significantly abstracted – the middle cross was initially the knee, the stroke at bottom left was the bowed head, and the top was the back-swept hands or clothes.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (25)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆X/
Li
Rong
/ʑieX/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.deʔ/
English clan

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 11523
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡjeʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. clan; family
  2. surname; person with the surname of ...; Mr.
  3. (historical) née; born as; maiden name
Usage notes[edit]
  • The third meaning has become largely obsolete, as current Chinese practice is for married women to continue to use their former surnames. The practice of sometimes adopting the husband's surname is being revived, however. follows the maiden name, which follows the married name (née Zhang), 張氏 (Li née Zhang), or 張氏 (“married to a lady of the Zhang clan”).
See also[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 11515
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kje/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 月氏 (yuèzhī, “Yuezhi”).
  2. Only used in 閼氏阏氏 (“wife of a Xiongnu chief”).

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (13)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡siᴇŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡siɛŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡siæŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡siajŋ/
Li
Rong
/t͡siɛŋ/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭɛŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡si̯ɛŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 11513
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*skeŋ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 狋氏 (“name of an ancient county”).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. a family; a clan
  2. Mr.; Mrs.
  3. a certain person

‎(hiragana うじ, romaji uji)

  1. a family name
  2. birth; lineage

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ssi, ji) (hangeul , , revised ssi, ji, McCune-Reischauer ssi, chi, Yale ssi, ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.