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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
氏-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a man bowing over to the left. Significantly abstracted – the middle cross was initially the knee, the stroke at bottom left was the bowed head, and the top was the back-swept hands or clothes.

Han character[edit]

(radical 83 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹女心 (HVP), four-corner 72740)

  1. clan, family
  2. mister
  3. (formerly) née, born as, maiden name

Usage notes[edit]

  • The third meaning has become largely obsolete, as current Chinese practice is for married women to continue to use their former surnames. The practice of sometimes adopting the husband's surname is being revived, however.follows the maiden name, which follows the married name氏 (née Zhang), 張氏 (Li née Zhang), or 張氏 (married to a lady of the Zhang clan).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 597, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17026
  • Dae Jaweon: page 988, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2130, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6C0F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping si6, zi1, Yale si6, ji1)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ shì, Guangdong she5 [Meixian], s'i5, s'i6 [Hailu], sii5 [Siyan], Hagfa Pinyim si4)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. a family; a clan
  2. Mr.; Mrs.
  3. a certain person

(hiragana うじ, romaji uji)

  1. a family name
  2. birth; lineage

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ssi, ji) (hangeul [[, ]], revised ssi, ji, McCune-Reischauer ssi, chi, Yale ssi, ci)


Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin shì (shi4), zhī (zhi1), jīng (jing1), Wade-Giles shih4, chi1, ching1)

Compounds[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA sī (si7))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thị)