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U+975E, 非
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-975E

[U+975D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+975F]
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
非-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 175 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中一尸卜 (LMSY) or 中一卜卜卜 (LMYYY), four-corner 11111)

  1. Kangxi radical #175, (wrong).

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1382, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1894, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4086, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+975E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
非-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*pʰɯːlʔ
*brɯːl
*brɯːl
*brɯːl, *buːl
*prɯl
*breː, *brɯːls
*puːls
*buːl, *bɯl
*buːl
*buːlʔ
*buːlʔ, *pɯds, *bɯl, *bɯls
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl
*pɯl, *pʰɯlʔ
*pɯl
*pɯl, *pʰɯl
*pɯl, *pɯlʔ, *pɯls
*pɯl, *pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ, *bɯls
*pɯlʔ
*pɯlʔ
*pɯls
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯl, *pʰɯlʔ, *bɯls
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯl
*pʰɯlʔ
*pʰɯlʔ
*bɯl, *bɯls
*bɯlʔ
*bɯls
*bɯls
*bɯls

Etymology[edit]

(OC *pɯj) is the fusion of the negation particle (OC *pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ', “not”) and the copula (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”), attested in oracle bone inscriptions.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʉi/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʷɨi/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuəi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/puj/
Li
Rong
/piuəi/
Wang
Li
/pĭwəi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pwe̯i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēi
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjɨj ›
Old
Chinese
/*pəj/
English is not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3076
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. not be; is not; not
    •   ―  fēicháng  ―  unusual
    •   ―  fēi  ―  illegal
  2. wrong; incorrect
    •   ―  shìfēi  ―  right and wrong
  3. to reproach; to blame
  4. (colloquial) Used to insist on something. to have got to; to simply must
    • 不行  ―  Bùxíng, wǒ fēi děi zǒu.  ―  No, I must go.
  5. Short for 非洲 (Fēizhōu, “Africa”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi-)

  1. in-, non-, un-

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.