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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
非-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 175 +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 中一尸卜 (LMSY) or 中一卜卜卜 (LMYYY), four-corner 11111)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1382, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42585
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1894, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4086, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+975E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
非-seal.svg

Etymology[edit]

(OC *pɯj) is the fusion of the negation particle (OC *pɯ, *pɯʔ, *pɯ', “not”) and the copula (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”), attested in oracle bone inscriptions.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final: (21)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: fēi
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʉi/ /pʷɨi/ /piuəi/ /puj/ /piuəi/ /pĭwəi/ /pwe̯i/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
fēi ‹ pjɨj › /*pəj/ is not

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3076 1 /*pɯl/

Definitions[edit]

  1. not be; is not; not
    •   ―  fēicháng  ―  unusual
    •   ―  fēi  ―  illegal
  2. wrong; incorrect
    •   ―  shìfēi  ―  right and wrong
  3. to reproach; to blame
  4. (colloquial) Used to insist on something. to have got to; to simply must
    • 不行  ―  Bùxíng, wǒ fēi děi zǒu.  ―  No, I must go.
  5. Abbreviation of 非洲 (Fēizhōu, “Africa”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi-)

  1. in-, non-, un-

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(bi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(phi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.