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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
仁-bronze.svg 仁-bigseal.svg 仁-seal.svg

The ideograph shows man connecting heaven and earth.

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人一一 (OMM), four-corner 21210, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 91, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 349
  • Dae Jaweon: page 193, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 107, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4EC1

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (38)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: rén
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵiɪn/ /ȵin/ /ȵʑjen/ /ȵin/ /ȵiĕn/ /ȵʑĭĕn/ /ȵʑi̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
rén ‹ nyin › /*niŋ/ kind

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10801 1 /*njin/

Definitions[edit]

  1. humaneness, benevolence, kindness

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ひとし, romaji Hitoshi)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana じん, romaji Jin)

  1. A male given name

‎(hiragana まさし, romaji Masashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(in) (hangeul , revised in, McCune-Reischauer in)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhân, nhơn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]