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See also:
U+725B, 牛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-725B

[U+725A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+725C]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order
牛-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (U+725C) - Used as a left radical component (not a standalone character)
  • (U+2F5C) - Kangxi radical cow
  • (U+2EA7) - CJK radical cow (used as a top component)

Han character[edit]

(radical 93, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000, composition𠂉)

  1. Kangxi radical #93, .
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №19

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
牛-oracle.svg 牛-bronze.svg 牛-silk.svg 牛-seal.svg 牛-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ngù - colloquial;
  • ngiù - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • gû - colloquial;
    • giû/ngiû - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /niou³⁵/
    Harbin /niou²⁴/
    Tianjin /niou⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ȵiou⁴²/
    Qingdao /niou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /niou⁴²/
    /ou⁴²/
    Xi'an /niou²⁴/
    Xining /ȵiɯ²⁴/
    Yinchuan /niəu⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ȵiou⁵³/
    Ürümqi /ȵiɤu⁵¹/
    Wuhan /niəu²¹³/
    Chengdu /ȵiəu³¹/
    Guiyang /niəu²¹/
    Kunming /niəu³¹/
    Nanjing /liəɯ²⁴/
    Hefei /liɯ⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /niəu¹¹/
    Pingyao /ȵiəu¹³/
    Hohhot /niəu³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiɤ²³/
    Suzhou /ȵiɤ¹³/
    Hangzhou /ȵiø²¹³/
    Wenzhou /ŋau³¹/
    Hui Shexian /niu⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /ȵiu⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵiəu¹³/
    Xiangtan /ȵiəɯ¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiu⁴⁵/
    /ŋiɛu⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiu¹¹/
    Taoyuan /ŋiu¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐu²¹/
    Nanning /ŋɐu²¹/
    Hong Kong /ŋɐu²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giu³⁵/
    /gu³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋu⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niu³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /gu⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɨu/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋiu/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋiəu/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋuw/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋiu/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋĭəu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋi̯ə̯u/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    niú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngjuw ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ʷə/ (< uvular?)
    English ox

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 9564
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋʷɯ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. cow; bull; ox; buffalo (general name for bovine animals)
    2. beef
      乾炒 / 干炒  ―  gānchǎo niú  ―  beef chow fun
    3. stubborn; pigheaded
    4. (colloquial) arrogant
    5. (slang) awesome; powerful
        ―  niú  ―  [vulgar] awesome
        ―  niúrén  ―  an awesome person
    6. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
    7. (physics) Short for 牛頓牛顿 (niúdùn, “newton”).
    8. A surname​.

    Synonyms[edit]

    Dialectal synonyms of (“cattle; cow”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Taxonomic name
    Mandarin Beijing
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 牛仔
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 牛仔
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Zhuolan (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan 牛兒
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 寶耕
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. cow, ox, cattle

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    うし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うし, katakana ウシ, rōmaji ushi)

    1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
      • 1999 November 18, “ぎゅうじん [Bull Jinn]”, in Vol.6 (in Japanese), Konami:
         (もり) () (うし) () (じん)。ツノを () () (とっ) (しん)して (こう) (げき)
        Mori ni sumu ushi no majin. Tsuno o tsukidashi tosshin shite kōgeki.
        A bovine jinn who resides in the woods. He’ll charge at you and stick you with his horns.
      • 1999 December 1, “ミノタウルス [Minotaurus]”, in BOOSTER 6 (in Japanese), Konami:
        すごい (ちから) ()ウシ (かい) (ぶつ)。オノひと ()りで (なに)でもなぎ (たお)す。
        Sugoi chikara o motsu ushi no kaibutsu. Ono hitofuri de nani demo nagitaosu.
        A bovine monster with tremendous power who chops up anyone in his way with one ax swing.
    2. beef
    Derived terms[edit]
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ウシ.

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    ぎゅう
    Grade: 2
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (ngjuw, cow).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana ぎゅう, rōmaji gyū, historical hiragana ぎう)

    1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
    2. beef
    3. (astronomy) Ox

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (u)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (McCune–Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Compounds[edit]


    Okinawan[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

    1. cow, cattle

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Yonaguni[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

    1. cow, cattle