From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: and 𓃾
U+725B, 牛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-725B

[U+725A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+725C]
U+2F5C, ⽜
KANGXI RADICAL COW

[U+2F5B]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F5D]

Translingual

[edit]
Stroke order
4 strokes
Stroke order

Alternative forms

[edit]
  • (U+725C) - used as a left radical component (not a standalone character)
  • 𠂒 (U+20092) - sometimes used as a top component

Han character

[edit]

(Kangxi radical 93, +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000, composition 𠂉)

  1. Kangxi radical #93, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №19

Derived characters

[edit]

See also

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese

[edit]
simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠂒
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • (Classical)
  • (Southern Min)
  • (Wu)

Glyph origin

[edit]
Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts

Pictogram (象形) .

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Note:
  • ngù - colloquial;
  • ngiù - literary.
Note:
  • gû - colloquial;
  • giû/ngiû - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niou³⁵/
Harbin /niou²⁴/
Tianjin /niou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵiou⁴²/
Qingdao /niou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /niou⁴²/
/ou⁴²/
Xi'an /niou²⁴/
Xining /ȵiɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /niəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵiou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵiɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /niəu²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵiəu³¹/
Guiyang /niəu²¹/
Kunming /niəu³¹/
Nanjing /liəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /liɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiəu¹³/
Hohhot /niəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɤ²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋau³¹/
Hui Shexian /niu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiu⁴⁵/
/ŋiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐu²¹/
Nanning /ŋɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /giu³⁵/
/gu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /ŋu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /niu³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /gu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ku³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter ngjuw
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngau4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ʷə/ (< uvular?)
English ox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷɯ/

Definitions

[edit]

  1. bovine, e.g. cow, bull, ox, buffalo, bison, yak (Classifier: m c mb md;  m g h x;  m c g mn w x)
  2. beef
    乾炒干炒  ―  gānchǎo niú  ―  beef chow fun
    [Cantonese]  ―  daan6-2 ngau4-2 zi6 [Jyutping]  ―  beef and egg sandwich
  3. stubborn; pigheaded
  4. (colloquial) arrogant
  5. (Mainland China, Mandarin, slang) awesome; powerful
      ―  niú  ―  [vulgar] awesome
      ―  niúrén  ―  an awesome person
  6. (~宿) (Chinese astronomy) Ox (one of Twenty-Eight Mansions)
  7. (physics) Short for 牛頓牛顿 (niúdùn, “newton”).
  8. (Hong Kong Cantonese, computing) Short for 火牛 (“transformer”). (Classifier: c)
  9. a surname
      ―  Niú Sēngrú  ―  Niu Sengru (Tang politician)

Synonyms

[edit]
  • (beef): 牛肉 (niúròu)
  • (awesome):
  • (transformer):

Descendants

[edit]
  • Wutunhua: nek

Compounds

[edit]

See also

[edit]

References

[edit]

Japanese

[edit]

Kanji

[edit]

(Second grade kyōiku kanji)

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
  1. cow, ox, cattle

Readings

[edit]

Compounds

[edit]

Etymology 1

[edit]
Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(うし) or (ウシ) (ushi

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle, a domestic bovine
    Synonyms: (dialectal, Tohoku) べこ, (dialectal, Akita, Sendai, Shimokita, Tsugaru) べご, (dialectal, Kagoshima) べぶ
    • 1999 November 18, “(ぎゅう)()(じん) [Bull Jinn]”, in Vol.6, Konami:
      (もり)()(うし)()(じん)。ツノを()()(とっ)(しん)して(こう)(げき)
      Mori ni sumu ushi no majin. Tsuno o tsukidashi tosshin shite kōgeki.
      A bovine jinn who resides in the woods. He’ll charge at you and stick you with his horns.
    • 1999 December 1, “ミノタウルス [Minotaurus]”, in BOOSTER 6, Konami:
      すごい(ちから)()ウシ(かい)(ぶつ)。オノひと()りで(なに)でもなぎ(たお)す。
      Sugoi chikara o motsu ushi no kaibutsu. Ono hitofuri de nani demo nagitaosu.
      A bovine monster with tremendous power who chops up anyone in his way with one axe swing.
  2. beef
Usage notes
[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as ウシ.

Derived terms
[edit]

Etymology 2

[edit]
Kanji in this term
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
kan'on

From Middle Chinese (ngjuw, cow). Compare Hokkien (giû / ngiû).

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(ぎゅう) (gyūぎう (giu)?

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
  3. (astronomy) Ox

References

[edit]
  1. 1.0 1.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN

Korean

[edit]

Hanja

[edit]

(eumhun (so u))

  1. Hanja form? of (cow).

Compounds

[edit]

Okinawan

[edit]

Kanji

[edit]

(Second grade kyōiku kanji)

Readings

[edit]

Etymology

[edit]
Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

From Proto-Ryukyuan *Osi, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Pronunciation

[edit]

Noun

[edit]

(うし) (ushi

  1. cow, cattle

Derived terms

[edit]

References

[edit]
  • うし【牛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Vietnamese

[edit]

Han character

[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni

[edit]

Kanji

[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

Etymology

[edit]

From Proto-Ryukyuan *Osi, from Proto-Japonic *Osi.

Noun

[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle

References

[edit]
  • うち【牛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.