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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
牛-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Etymology[edit]

牛 牛 牛 牛
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形)

Han character[edit]

(radical 93 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000)

  1. Kangxi radical №93
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №19

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (牛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 語求切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɨu/ /ŋi̯ə̯u/ /ŋiu/ /ŋiu/ /ŋuw/ /ŋĭəu/ /ŋiəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
niú ‹ ngjuw › /*[ŋ]ʷə (< uvular?)/ ox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9564 0 /*ŋʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cow, bull, ox, buffalo (general name for bovine animals)
  2. beef
    牛肉
  3. stubborn, pigheaded
  4. arrogant
  5. (slang) awesome, powerful
    牛屄, 牛人
  6. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
    玄武, 二十八宿
  7. (physics, abbreviation) Newton (unit); contraction of 牛頓牛顿 (Niúdùn)
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cow, ox, cattle

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うし, katakana ウシ, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, bull, cattle
  2. ox

Usage notes[edit]

Like other species names, usually written in katakana in scientific contexts.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, cattle

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle