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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
牛-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Radical)

Han character[edit]

(radical 93 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 竹手 (HQ), four-corner 25000)

  1. Kangxi radical №93
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №19

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 697, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19922
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1108, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1800, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+725B

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
牛-oracle.svg 牛-bronze.svg 牛-silk.svg 牛-bigseal.svg 牛-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋwa.

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /niou³⁵/
Harbin /niou²⁴/
Tianjin /niou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ȵiou⁴²/
Qingdao /niou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /niou⁴²/
/ou⁴²/
Xi'an /niou²⁴/
Xining /ȵiɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /niəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ȵiou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ȵiɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /niəu²¹³/
Chengdu /ȵiəu³¹/
Guiyang /niəu²¹/
Kunming /niəu³¹/
Nanjing /liəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /liɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /niəu¹¹/
Pingyao /ȵiəu¹³/
Hohhot /niəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ȵiɤ²³/
Suzhou /ȵiɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /ȵiø²¹³/
Wenzhou /ŋau³¹/
Hui Shexian /niu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ȵiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ȵiəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ȵiəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ȵiu⁴⁵/
/ŋiɛu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ŋiu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ŋiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋɐu²¹/
Nanning /ŋɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /ŋɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giu³⁵/
/gu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niu³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /gu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋuw/
Li
Rong
/ŋiu/
Wang
Li
/ŋĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
niú
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ʷə/ (< uvular?)
English ox

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 9564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋʷɯ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. cow, bull, ox, buffalo (general name for bovine animals)
  2. beef
    牛肉
    乾炒 / 干炒  ―  qiánchǎoniú  ―  beef chow fun
  3. stubborn, pigheaded
  4. arrogant
  5. (slang) awesome, powerful
      ―  niú  ―  [vulgar] awesome
      ―  niúrén  ―  an awesome person
  6. (astronomy) the Ox, a Chinese constellation near Capricorn
    玄武, 二十八宿
  7. (physics) Short for 牛頓牛顿 (niúdùn, “newton”).
  8. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. cow, ox, cattle

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
うし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うし, katakana ウシ, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ウシ.

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ぎゅう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(ngjuw, cow).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana ぎゅう, romaji gyū, historical hiragana ぎう)

  1. cow, bull, ox, cattle
  2. beef
  3. (astronomy) Ox

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(u)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: u, Yale: wu)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]


Okinawan[edit]

Kanji[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うし, romaji ushi)

  1. cow, cattle

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngưu, ngọ, ngỏ, ngõ, ngâu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Yonaguni[edit]

Kanji[edit]

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. cow, cattle