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See also: , , and
U+53EA, 只
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53EA

[U+53E9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53EB]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
只-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 口金 (RC), four-corner 60800, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 172, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3239
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 570, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+53EA

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*klje, *kljeʔ
*klje
*klje, *klji
*kljeʔ
*kljeʔ
*kljeʔ, *kleʔ
*kljeʔ
伿 *kljes, *les
*ŋleːnʔ

Pictogram (象形): airflow coming out of a mouth () – a modal particle.

Etymology 1[edit]

trad. /*/*
simp.
variant forms

Schuessler (2007) suggests that it is possibly Sino-Tibetan, relating it to Kamarupan ke, kʰe (one), which are perhaps related to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-kjaŋ (single), whence Tibetan རྐྱང (rkyang, single), Burmese [script needed] (khyàŋ, single).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕie/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhī
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 17304
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*klje/

Definitions[edit]

  1. only; just; simply; merely
    /   ―  zhǐ qù guò yī cì.  ―  I've only been there once.
    一點兒胡椒粉 [MSC, trad.]
    一点儿胡椒粉 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāng lǐ zhǐ fàng le yīdiǎnr hújiāofěn. [Pinyin]
    There was just a hint of pepper in the soup.
  2. originally; at first
Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms Min
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to (zhè), ()?”

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕieX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or Min) this
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of (“this”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , , , anteclassical, ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou ,
Hong Kong ,
Taishan
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou ,
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai , old-style, obsolete
Wenzhou

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕieX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kljeʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A modal particle.

Etymology 4[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. to do

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Related to (zhe)?”

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Progressive particle, akin to (zhe). [Yuan–Ming]

Etymology 6[edit]

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (23)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕiᴇX/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕiɛX/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕjɛX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ciə̆X/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕieX/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕǐeX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕie̯X/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǐ
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 17307
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kljeʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 7[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 8[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“unit of measurement during the Zhou dynasty, equal to eight [[cun; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. only, simply

Readings[edit]

  • Go-on: (shi)
  • Kan-on: (shi)
  • Kun: ただ (tada, )

Definitions[edit]

Kanji in this term
ただ
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at ただ.
ただ【只・唯・徒・但・常】
[adjective], : ordinary, usual, common, mere
[adjective]: free of charge, free
[conjunction]but, however, although
[adverb]merely, commonly, simply, only
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of ただ.)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune–Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(chỉ, chích)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.