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U+543E, 吾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-543E

[U+543D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+543F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-seal.svg 吾-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): phonetic  (OC *ŋaːʔ) + semantic  (mouth).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka (I). Cognate with (OC *ŋaːlʔ, “I”), Hakka 𠊎 (ngài, I).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • wú - standard;
  • wǔ - common variant.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • ǹg - literary;
    • ngâ - vernacular (“my”).
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋˁa/
    English I, my

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or dialectal) I
    2. (literary or dialectal) my
    3. A surname​. Wu
    Synonyms[edit]
    Dialectal synonyms of (“I”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 𠊎
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
    Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai 阿拉
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Ningbo 我儂像我
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋa/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13135
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋraː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 允吾.

    Pronunciation 3[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 吾吾.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. I, me

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune–Reischauer o)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    (wa) (kana )

    1. I, oneself

    Descendants[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngô, ngo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999