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U+543E, 吾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-543E

[U+543D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+543F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
吾-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-bigseal.svg 吾-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ŋraː, *ŋaː
*ŋraː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː, *ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
*ŋaː
峿 *ŋaː
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːʔ
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋaːs
*ŋa, *ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ, *ŋas
*ŋaʔ
*ŋaʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): semantic  + phonetic (OC *ŋaːʔ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa(I). Cognate with (OC *ŋaːlʔ, “I”), (ǎn, “(dialectal Mandarin) I”), 𠊎 (“(Hakka) I”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (23) (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuo/ /ŋˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuo/ /ŋᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋo/ /ŋa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɔ/ /ŋaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ŋo/ /ŋa/
Wang
Li
/ŋu/ /ŋa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuo/ /ŋa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngu ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤa/
English I, my

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13135 13146
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraː/ /*ŋaː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) I
  2. (literary or dialectal) my
  3. A surname​. Wu

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“I”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Ningbo 我儂像我
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. I, me

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(wa) ‎(kana )

  1. I, oneself

Descendants[edit]

  • Satsugi dialect: おい(oi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngô, ngo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999