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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
吾-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-bigseal.svg 吾-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋaːʔ).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa ‎(I). Cognate with (OC *ŋaːlʔ, “I”), (ǎn, “(dialectal Mandarin) I”), 𠊎 (“(Hakka) I”).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (31) (31)
Final () (23) (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋuo/ /ŋˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋuo/ /ŋᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋo/ /ŋa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɔ/ /ŋaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ŋo/ /ŋa/
Wang
Li
/ŋu/ /ŋa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuo/ /ŋa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ngu ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋˤa/
English I, my

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13135 13146
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋraː/ /*ŋaː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. (literary or dialectal) I
  2. (literary or dialectal) my
  3. A surname​. Wu

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of (“I”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Taiwanese Raoping 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 阿拉
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. I, me

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(wa) ‎(kana )

  1. I, oneself

Descendants[edit]

  • Satsugi dialect: おい ‎(oi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngô, ngo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999