Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+543E, 吾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-543E

[U+543D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+543F]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 30, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𫊣

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-seal.svg 吾-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): phonetic (OC *ŋaːʔ) + semantic (mouth).

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka (I). Cognate with (OC *ŋaːlʔ, “I”), Hakka 𠊎 (ngài, I).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • wú - standard;
  • wǔ - common variant.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Note:
    • ǹg - literary;
    • ngâ - vernacular (“my”).
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ngu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋˁa/
    English I, my

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 13146
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋaː/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or dialectal) I
    2. (literary or dialectal) my
    3. A surname​. Wu
    Synonyms[edit]

    Usage notes[edit]

    Before the Three Kingdoms period, ("I") was mostly only used as a subject, a pronoun object of a negated sentence or an interrogative pronoun object (the latter two cases are where the pronoun object is placed before the verb), meaning seldom occurred as the pronoun object that is placed after a verb.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋa/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 13135
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋraː/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 允吾 (yányá; qiānyá). A county established during the Western Han, disestablished during the Northern Wei, and briefly reestablished during the Sui dynasty

    Pronunciation 3[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 吾吾.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. I, me

    Readings[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    われ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    われ6
    [pronoun] first person singular pronoun: I, me, oneself
    [pronoun] second person singular pronoun: you
    6
    [pronoun] first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あれ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    あれ
    [pronoun] (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    H
    [pronoun] (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    Alternative spellings
    ,
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune–Reischauer o)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Old Japanese[edit]

    Pronoun[edit]

    (wa) (kana )

    1. I, oneself

    Descendants[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (ngô, ngo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]

    • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
    • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
    • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999