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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
吾-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
吾-oracle.svg 吾-bronze.svg 吾-silk.svg 吾-bigseal.svg 吾-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋraː, *ŋaː): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ŋaːʔ)

Han character[edit]

(radical 30 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 一一口 (MMR), four-corner 10601, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 180, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3379
  • Dae Jaweon: page 398, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 585, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+543E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa. Cognate with (), (ǎn), 𠊎.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (23)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: wú
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋuo/ /ŋuo/ /ŋo/ /ŋɔ/ /ŋo/ /ŋu/ /ŋuo/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (31)
Final: (98)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yá
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɣa/ /ŋɯa/ /ŋa/ /ŋaɨ/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/ /ŋa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ngu › /*ŋˤa/ I, my

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13135 0 /*ŋraː/
13146 0 /*ŋaː/

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (literary, classical, dialectal) I, me, my, our

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("I")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 𠊎
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𠊎
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𠊎
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𠊎
Dongshi (Dabu) 𠊎
Taiwanese Raoping 𠊎
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𠊎
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Wu

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. I, me

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(o) (hangeul , revised o, McCune-Reischauer o)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Old Japanese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

‎(わ, wa)

  1. I, oneself

Descendants[edit]

  • Satsugi Dialect: おい (oi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(ngô, ngo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999