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See also:
U+9EE8, 黨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EE8

[U+9EE7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EE9]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 203, +8, 20 strokes, cangjie input 火月口田火 (FBRWF), four-corner 90331, composition𫩠)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1520, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2055, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4750, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9EE8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp. *
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
黨-slip.svg 黨-seal.svg 黨-bigseal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic (black) – black; dark.

Etymology[edit]

"community; gang"
The endoactive of (OC *taːŋ, “to be equal of”), literally "that which is equal in rank" (Schuessler, 2007).
"to know"
An ancient Chu dialect word recorded in Han Dynasty scholar Yang Xiong's Fangyan. STEDT compares it to Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m/s-twaŋ (to see; to show), whence Tibetan མཐོང་བ (mthong ba, to see; to perceive). Alternatively, it may be of Austroasiatic origin. Compare [script needed] (daŋ, to know), Bru daŋ ("to know") (Ye, 2014). Perhaps related to (dǒng, “to understand”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taŋX/
Li
Rong
/tɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/tɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dong2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˁaŋʔ/
English 500 families; relatives

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11113 11132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːŋʔ/ /*tʰaːŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. community; fellow community member
    /   ―  xiāngdǎng  ―  neighbours; local community
  2. gang; faction
    /   ―  jiédǎng  ―  to form a faction
  3. (politics) party
    /   ―  zhèngdǎng  ―  (political) party
    1. (specifically, chiefly Mainland China) the CPC
      十八 / 十八  ―  Dǎng de Shíbā Dà  ―  The 18th National Congress of the CPC
      / [Cantonese]  ―  dong2 tit3 [Jyutping]  ―  The "Commie" MTR
  4. (used as suffix in Internet slang) a limited group or class of people, or a member of it
    標題 / 标题  ―  biāotídǎng  ―  a person who writes articles or news using off-topic or misleading headlines; these kinds of people
  5. A surname​.
  6. (ancient Chu dialect) to know

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (とう) ()
  • Korean: (, dang)
  • Vietnamese: đảng ()

Others:

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. (political) party

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(とう) ( (kyūjitai, shinjitai )

  1. Kyūjitai form of : political party

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 무리 (muri dang))

  1. Hanja form? of (political party).

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Nôm readings: đảng, đoảng

Noun[edit]

  1. Hán tự form of đảng (party).