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U+9EE8, 黨
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9EE8

[U+9EE7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9EE9]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 203 +8, 20 strokes, cangjie input 火月口田火 (FBRWF), four-corner 90331, composition ⿱⿱)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1520, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2055, character 18
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4750, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+9EE8

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
黨-silk.svg 黨-bigseal.svg 黨-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *sʰraːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ, *taːŋs
*taːŋ
*taːŋʔ, *taːŋs
*taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋʔ
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*taːŋs
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋ, *daːŋ
*tʰaːŋ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*hl'aːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋʔ, *ɦʷlaːŋs
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋʔ
*tʰaːŋs, *rtaːŋ, *rtaːŋs
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*daːŋ
*tjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ, *tʰjaŋs
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*tʰjaŋʔ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ
*djaŋ, *djaŋs
*hjaŋʔ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋ
*rtʰaːŋs
*tʰoŋʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːŋʔ, *tʰaːŋʔ): phonetic (OC *djaŋ, *djaŋs) + semantic (black) – black; dark.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (5)
Final () (101)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tɑŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/tɑŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/tɑŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/taŋX/
Li
Rong
/tɑŋX/
Wang
Li
/tɑŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tɑŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
dǎng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
dǎng
Middle
Chinese
‹ tangX ›
Old
Chinese
/*tˤaŋʔ/
English 500 families; relatives

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11113 11132
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*taːŋʔ/ /*tʰaːŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. gang; faction
  2. (politics) party
    /   ―  zhèngdǎng  ―  (political) party

Compounds[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic ():

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Noun[edit]

‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana とう, romaji )

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of : political party

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(dang) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer tang, Yale tang)

  1. political party

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đảng, đoảng)

  1. political party