然而

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Chinese[edit]

 
correct; right; so; thus; like this; -ly
 
and; as well as; but (not); yet (not); (shows causal relation); (shows change of state); (shows contrast)
simp. and trad.
(然而)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (77) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇn/ /ȵɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛn/ /ȵɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjæn/ /ȵʑie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵian/ /ȵɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȵiɛn/ /ȵiə/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭɛn/ /ȵʑĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ɛn/ /ȵʑi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rán ér
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rán ér
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyen › ‹ nyi ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n]a[n]/ /*nə/
English so, thus; (adv suffix) and, but

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 10756 2720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njen/ /*njɯ/

Conjunction[edit]

然而

  1. but; yet

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 但是 (“but; however”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 但是可是不過然而
Mandarin Beijing 但是可是不過
Taiwan 但是可是不過
Cantonese Guangzhou 但係不過之不過
Hong Kong 但係不過之不過
Taishan 但係
Hakka Meixian 但係
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 但係毋過
Liudui (S. Sixian) 但係毋過
Hsinchu (Hailu) 但係毋過
Dongshi (Dabu) 但係毋過
Zhuolan (Raoping) 但係毋過
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 毋過
Min Dong Matsu 但是
Min Nan Xiamen 但是毋過毋句不過不而過
Quanzhou 但是毋句不過不而過
Zhangzhou 但是毋過不過不而過
Taipei 但是毋過不而過
Penang tapi但是
Singapore tapi
Wu Shanghai 但是必過不過