然而

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Chinese[edit]

 
correct; right; so; thus; like this; -ly
 
and; as well as; but (not); yet (not); (shows causal relation); (shows change of state); (shows contrast)
simp. and trad.
(然而)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (77) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiᴇn/ /ȵɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵiɛn/ /ȵɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjæn/ /ȵʑie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵian/ /ȵɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȵiɛn/ /ȵiə/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭɛn/ /ȵʑĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯ɛn/ /ȵʑi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rán ér
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rán ér
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyen › ‹ nyi ›
Old
Chinese
/*[n]a[n]/ /*nə/
English so, thus; (adv suffix) and, but

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 10756 2720
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njen/ /*njɯ/

Conjunction[edit]

然而

  1. but; yet