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U+537B, 卻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-537B

[U+537A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+537C]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 26, +7, 9 strokes, cangjie input 金口尸中 (CRSL), four-corner 87620, composition(GHTKV) or ⿰𧮫(J))

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

  • (Preferred form used in mainland China and Japan)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 159, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2867
  • Dae Jaweon: page 365, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 317, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+537B

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
卻-slip.svg 卻-seal.svg 卻-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaɡ
*kaɡ
*kaɡ, *kʰaɡ
*kʰaɡ
*kraɡ, *kraɡ
*kʰraɡ
*kʰraɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kaɡ, *kʰaɡ): phonetic 𧮫 + semantic .

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • qieh4 - vernacular;
  • qyeh4 - literary.
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (28) (29)
    Final () (107) (107)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨɐk̚/ /kʰɨɐk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiɐk̚/ /kʰiɐk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiɑk̚/ /kʰiɑk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kɨak̚/ /kʰɨak̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiak̚/ /kʰiak̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭak̚/ /kʰĭak̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯ak̚/ /kʰi̯ak̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jue que
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    què
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjak ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʰak/
    English decline, refuse

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10739 10740
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kaɡ/ /*kʰaɡ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to withdraw; to retreat
    2. to drive back (enemy)
    3. to decline; to refuse
    4. (particle placed after monosyllabic verbs) to do away with
    5. (literary, only sentence-medially) but; yet; however

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. Alternative form of (instead; on the contrary)

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gak) (hangeul , revised gak, McCune–Reischauer kak)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (khước)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]