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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 145 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 中木竹水 (LDHE), four-corner 34247, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1115, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34222
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1580, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3085, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+88AB

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bralʔ, *brals): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *bral)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (13) (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bˠiᴇX/ /bˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/bᵚiɛX/ /bᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/biɛX/ /biɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bjiə̆X/ /bjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/bjeX/ /bjeH/
Wang
Li
/bǐeX/ /bǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱie̯X/ /bʱie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bèi bèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ bjeX › ‹ bjeH › ‹ phje › ‹ phjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-pʰ(r)ajʔ/ /*m-pʰ(r)ajʔ-s/ /*mə-pʰ(r)aj/ /*pʰ(r)aj-s/
English coverlet cover (v.) cover oneself with cloak

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9713 9715
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*bralʔ/ /*brals/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bedding; quilt
      ―  bèizi  ―  quilt
      ―  bèi  ―  bedding, bedclothes
      ―  diànbèi  ―  matress
  2. Used to indicate passive-voice. by
      ―  Wǒ de biǎo bèi tōu le.  ―  My watch has been stolen.
    蚊子  ―  bèi wénzi yǎo le.  ―  I got bitten by mosquitoes.

Synonyms[edit]

  • (by): (Cantonese) ()

Usage notes[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(bjeH, to cover), from the term's use in Chinese as a passive marker.

Pronunciation[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji hi-)

  1. -ee: marks the passive recipient of an action, as the -ee in English employee
     ()害者 (がいしゃ)
    higaisha
    victim (one who is harmed)

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
おおい
Grade: S
kun'yomi

The 連用形 ‎(ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 被う ‎(ōu, to cover).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おおい, romaji ōi, historical hiragana おほい)

  1. a covering
  2. the act of covering something
  3. (by extension) a protector or patron

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(pi) (hangeul , revised pi, McCune-Reischauer p'i, Yale phi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(bị, bệ, bỡ, bự, bợ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.