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U+628A, 把
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-628A

[U+6289]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+628B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手日山 (QAU), four-corner 57017, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 420, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+628A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *praːʔ): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *praː).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • bǎ - all senses except “stem”;
  • bà - “handle; stem”;
  • bǎi - preposition.
Note: ба1 - the special word to reverse the word order, ба3 - handle (noun).
Note:
  • baa3 - rare variant for “handle; stem”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • bā - “to hold; handle; classifier”;
    • bá - “handle”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pé/pée - vernacular;
    • pá - literary;
    • pà - used in 遏手把.
    Note:
    • bê2 - vernacular;
    • ba2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2po - vernacular;
    • 2pa - literary.
  • Xiang

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠaX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚaX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /paX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /paɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /paX/
    Wang
    Li
    /paX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /paX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ X ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pˁraʔ/
    English grasp (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 105
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praːʔ/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to hold; to grasp; to take
    2. to control; to dominate
    3. to guard; to have control over
        ―  shǒu  ―  to guard; to defend
        ―    ―  to grasp; to control; to master
    4. (colloquial) to be close; to be near
    5. (traditional Chinese medicine) to feel (for the pulse)
    6. A light verb or preposition placed before the object of a sentence to allow it to be placed before the verb, giving greater flexibility in complex sentence construction.
      桌子 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
      dāo fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. [Pinyin]
      He put the knife on the table.
    7. Used before a “subject + verb + complement” structure; to cause to; to make
      真的氣死 / 真的气死  ―  Zhēnde wǒ qìsǐ le!  ―  It really made me so mad!
    8. bundle; bunch
    9. handle; knob; grip (a part of an object which is held in the hand)
      /   ―  chē  ―  handlebar (of a bicycle)
        ―  dāo  ―  knife handle; hilt
    10. stem (of a flower, leaf, fruit, etc.)
      /   ―  r  ―  stem of a leaf
    11. Classifier for objects that can be held using handles or knobs, such as guns, chairs, brooms, or umbrellas.
        ―  sān dāo  ―  three knives
      鉸剪 / 铰剪 [Cantonese]  ―  sei3 baa2 gaau3 zin2 [Jyutping]  ―  four pairs of scissors
      /   ―  liǎng sǎo  ―  two brooms
    12. Classifier for handfuls of something, such as grains, soil.
    13. Classifier for bundles or bunches.
    14. Classifier for some abstract ideas, such as force, effort or age.
    15. Classifier for something done with the hand.
    16. Placed after numerals or classifiers to express uncertainty; approximately
    17. A surname​.
    Usage notes[edit]
    Wikipedia has articles on:
    • A great deal of linguistic research has been carried out regarding the grammar of the " construction".
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to control):
    edit
    • (to be close):
    edit
    • (light verb or preposition):

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (, “to scratch”).
    2. A surname​.

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    たば
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Alternative forms[edit]

    Counter[edit]

    (たば) (-taba

    1. counter for bundles

    Noun[edit]

    (たば) (taba

    1. bundle, bunch, batch, sheaf, coil

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 잡을 (jabeul pa))

    1. Hanja form? of (to take; to hold).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (, bả, bạ, bỡ, bữa, vả, , vỗ, , bẻ, bửa, lả, sấp, trả)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.