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See also: and
U+4F4F, 住
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4F

[U+4F4E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F50]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
7 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜土 (OYG), four-corner 20214, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 505
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 137, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4F4F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tos, *dos): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *tjoʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chū - literary;
  • tiū - vernacular.
Note:
  • zu6 - literary;
  • diu7 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • jy4 - literary;
    • jy5 - vernacular.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵¹/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    /t͡su⁵³/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
    Qingdao /tʃu⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu³¹²/
    Xi'an /p͡fu⁴⁴/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²¹³/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡su¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡su²¹³/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu²¹²/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡su⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡su⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
    Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕy¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑy²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰu⁵³/
    Taoyuan /tʃʰu⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy²²/
    Nanning /t͡sy²²/
    Hong Kong /t͡sy²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiɛu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³⁵/
    /tiu³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tu³⁵/
    /ʔdiu²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (11) (9)
    Final () (24) (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Closed
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖɨoH/ /ʈɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖioH/ /ʈioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡioH/ /ȶioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖuə̆H/ /ʈuə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡioH/ /ȶioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡĭuH/ /ȶĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯uH/ /ȶi̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhù zhù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ drjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*dro(ʔ)-s/
    English stop (v.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 17613 17617
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tos/ /*dos/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to live; to dwell; to reside
    2. to stay
      [MSC, trad.]
      [MSC, simp.]
      From: 赵明, 《让爱住我家》
      Ràng ài zhù wǒ jiā [Pinyin]
      Let love stay at/fill our home
    3. to stop; to cease
    4. Verb suffix indicating firmness, steadiness or coming to a halt.
    5. (Cantonese) Verb suffix indicating ongoing action's status.
      / [Cantonese]  ―  daai3 zyu6 ngaan5 geng3 [Jyutping]  ―  wearing glasses

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. dwelling, reside

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    じゅう
    Grade: 3
    goon

    From Middle Chinese (MC ɖɨoH, ʈɨoH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (じゅう) ( (historical kana ぢゆう)

    1. the act of dwelling, residing, living in a place
    2. abode, residence
      Synonyms: 住まい (sumai), 住居 (jūkyo)

    Suffix[edit]

    (じゅう) (-jū (historical kana ぢゆう)

    1. added after a placename to indicate where someone lives

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    Alternative spellings 住居
    住い (uncommon)
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    まい
    [noun] residence, dwelling, one's shelter
    [noun] life, habitation, the act of living in a place
    Alternative spellings
    住居, , 住い
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun (sal ju))

    1. Hanja form? of (to reside).

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: trú, trọ, giọ

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    References[edit]