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U+4F4F, 住
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F4F

[U+4F4E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F50]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9 +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人卜土 (OYG), four-corner 20214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 505
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 137, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+4F4F

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*tʰoːʔ
*doːɡ, *tjos
*toʔ
*toʔ, *doʔ
*tos
*tos, *tjos
*tos
*tos
*tos, *dos
*doʔ
*doʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ
*tjoʔ, *tjos
*tjos
*tjos
*tjos
*tjos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tos, *dos): semantic  + phonetic (OC *tjoʔ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • chū - literary;
  • tiū - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
/t͡su⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹/
Qingdao /tʃu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu³¹²/
Xi'an /p͡fu⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡su¹³/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂu⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂu⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡su⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡sz̩ʷ³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡su⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
/t͡ɕy¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑy²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰu⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sy²²/
Nanning /t͡sy²²/
Hong Kong /t͡sy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tiɛu²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tiu⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³⁵/
/tiu³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tu³⁵/
/ʔdiu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (11) (9)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨoH/ /ʈɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖioH/ /ʈioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡioH/ /ȶioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuə̆H/ /ʈuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/ȡioH/ /ȶioH/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭuH/ /ȶĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯uH/ /ȶi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhù zhù
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhù
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*dro(ʔ)-s/
English stop (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 17613 17617
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tos/ /*dos/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to live, to dwell, to reside
  2. to stay
  3. to stop, to cease
  4. Verb suffix indicating firmness, steadiness or coming to a halt.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • in CEDICT on MDBG

Japanese[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

‎(hiragana じゅう, romaji )

  1. dwelling; living

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. dwelling, reside

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ju) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer chu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trú, trọ, giọ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]