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U+4F50, 佐
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4F50

[U+4F4F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4F51]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 9, +5, 7 strokes, cangjie input 人大一 (OKM), four-corner 24211, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 98, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 506
  • Dae Jaweon: page 207, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 130, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+4F50

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls
*ʔsaːls
*ʔslaːls
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sʰlaːlʔ
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl
*sʰlaːl, *sraːl, *ʔsraːls
*sʰlaːl, *slaːl
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *sʰreːls
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral
*zlaːl
*zlaːl, *ʔsljal, *ʔslɯl
*zlaːl, *sʰraːl
*zlaːl, *sʰral, *zral
*slaːlʔ, *sʰral, *sʰlaːɡ
*slaːlʔ
*ʔsljal
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːl, *sʰreːls, *sʰral
*sʰraːl
*zraːl, *zraːlʔ
*zlals

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsaːls): semantic  (person) + phonetic  (OC *ʔsaːlʔ, *ʔsaːls).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (13)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡saH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sɑH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuò
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuǒ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsˁarʔ-s/ (dialect: *-r > *-j)
English aid, assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 18005
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsaːls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. assist, aid, second
  2. subordinate

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. aid
  2. help

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sɑH).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 도울 (doul jwa))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (subordinate).
  2. (military) Hanja form? of (commander; a field grade officer in the Korean People's Army).
    소좌 (少)Sojwa (少)Junior Commander
    중좌 (中)Jungjwa (中)Lieutenant-Colonel; Middle Commander
    상좌 (上)Sangjwa (上)Colonel; High Commander
    대좌 (大)Daejwa (大)Senior Colonel; Brigadier; Grand Commander

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, tớ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]