sa

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Contents

Abau[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. woman

References[edit]

  • transnewguinea.org, citing D. C. Laycock, Languages of the Lumi Subdistrict (West Sepik District), New Guinea (1968), Oceanic Linguistics, 7 (1): 36-66

Acehnese[edit]

Acehnese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Albanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Albanian *si-a, a combination of two pronominal members, Proto-Indo-European *kwih₂ and *h₂eu-/h₂en-.

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. how much

Derived terms[edit]


Ama[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. rain

Bahnar[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bahnaric *ca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. to eat

Balinese[edit]

Balinese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Banjarese[edit]

Banjarese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of asa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Derived terms[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin sanus.

Adjective[edit]

sa (feminine sana, masculine plural sans, feminine plural sanes)

  1. healthy

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin ipsa.

Article[edit]

sa f

  1. (Balearics) nominative feminine singular of es

Duriankere[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. water

Further reading[edit]


Duun[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. fire

Further reading[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Sa (optional capitalization)

Etymology[edit]

Short form of sina

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. you, thou (personal pronoun of the second person of singular in unstressed positions)
    Mis sa teed seal? - What are you doing there?

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Proto-Uralic root *te or *tun.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsɑ/
  • Hyphenation: sa

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. (personal, archaic, poetic) you (singular; in archaic English: thou).

Synonyms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French sa, from Latin sua feminine form of suus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sa f

  1. (possessive) His, her, its, one's.
    Pierre a perdu sa carte d'identité.
    Pierre has lost his identity card.

Related terms[edit]

Possessee
Singular Plural
Masculine Feminine
Possessor Singular First person mon1 ma mes
Second person ton1 ta tes
Third person son1 sa ses
Plural First person notre nos
Second person votre2 vos2
Third person leur leurs
1 Also used before the feminine adjectives and nouns beginning with a vowel or a mute h.
2 Also used for the singular polite form.

Anagrams[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Either from Proto-Germanic *saliz (house, hall),[1] or from Proto-Germanic *sēaną (to sow).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa f (plural sas)

  1. generation, litter
  2. sowing season

References[edit]

  • sa” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  1. ^ Coromines, Joan; Pascual, José A. (1991–1997). Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico. Madrid: Gredos, s.v. sala.
  2. ^ Piel, J. M. (1973), "Betrachtungen zu hisp.-got. *sala, gal.-pg. Sáa, Sá", in Studia Iberica. Festschrift für Hans Flache. München: Francke Verlag. page 463.

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sa

  1. Romanization of 𐍃𐌰

Guaraní[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) hundred

Haitian Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French ça

Determiner[edit]

sa

  1. this
  2. these
  3. that
  4. those

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. (demonstrative) this
  2. (demonstrative) these
  3. (demonstrative) that
  4. (demonstrative) those
  5. (interrogative) what
  6. (relative) what

Derived terms[edit]


Haroi[edit]

Haroi cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sa

  1. (archaic) Alternative form of sua.
    • 1909-1910, Progreso – duesma yaro, page 40:
      Segun sa opiniono la max (maxim) importanta neceso por I.L. esas la max granda perfekteso, e ne la amaso di adheranti, [...]
      According to his opionion the most important necessity for an I.L. is the perfection, and not the amount of adherents, [...]

Indonesian[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of esa, from Malay se, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

sa

  1. Contraction of i + an.
    Tá an fear sa bhád.The man is in the boat
    Tá na páistí ag súgradh sa tsráid.The children are playing in the street.
    Táimid inár suí sa seomra (or) tseomra.We are sitting in the room.

Usage notes[edit]

This contraction is obligatory, i.e. *i an never appears uncontracted. Used before consonant sounds only. Triggers lenition of b, c, f, g, m, and p in Munster varieties and eclipsis in the Ulster and Connacht varieties. Changes initial s to ts in feminine nouns and, in some varieties, masculine nouns.

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (misspelling)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Rhymes: -a

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. third-person singular present indicative of sapere
    Giovanni sa dov'è Laura.Giovanni knows where Laura is.

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sa

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

Jarai[edit]

Jarai cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Kamakan[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • zan (Kamakan)

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. (Kotoxo) water

References[edit]

  • Chestmir Loukotka, La família lingüística Kamakan del Brasil
  • Márcio Silva Martins Andérbio, Revisão da família lingüística Kamakã proposta por Chestmir Loukotka (thesis, Université de Brasilia, 2007 page 52)

Livonian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See etymology at Finnish sinä.

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. you; second person pronoun, referring to the addressee

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Renāte Blumberga, Tapio Mäkeläinen, Karl Pajusalu (2013), Lībieši: vēsture, valoda un kultūra, Rīga: Līvõ Kultūr sidām, ISBN 978-9984-49-730-3


Lojban[edit]

Cmavo[edit]

sa

  1. (metalinguistic eraser) deletes all preceding words up to the last instance of the word following sa

Related terms[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sa

  1. Obsolete spelling of za

Malay[edit]

Malay cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

Shortened form of esa, from Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (pre-1972) Obsolete spelling of se

Derived terms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sa (Zhuyin ㄙㄚ˙)

  1. Pinyin transcription of 𠮿

sa

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Masalit[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Timothy Leffel, Focus constructions in Masalit (New York University, 05/31/2011)

Minangkabau[edit]

Minangkabau cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Northern Roglai[edit]

Northern Roglai cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. simple past of si

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. past tense of seia

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sua, feminine of suus.

Determiner[edit]

sa f (masculine son, plural ses)

  1. his/hers/its (third-person singular possessive)

Descendants[edit]

  • French: sa

Old Frisian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

  1. so
  2. as
  3. or

Old Irish[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sa

  1. Alternative spelling of so

Palu'e[edit]

Palu'e cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Central Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Central-Eastern Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *isa, *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *isa, *əsa, *asa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Pawaia[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Phonological Considerations of Pawaia, in Oceania Linguistic Monographs, issues 14-15 (1971)
  • Transnewguinea.org, citing both D. Trefry, A comparative study of Kuman and Pawaian (1969) and G. E. MacDonald, The Teberan Language Family, pages 111-121, in The Linguistic Situation in the Gulf District and Adjacent Area, Papua New Guinea (editor K. J. Franklin) (1973)

Rade[edit]

Rade cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Romani[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. all

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *sa, from Latin sua, the feminine form of suus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

sa f

  1. feminine singular of său: his/her

Pronoun[edit]

sa f (possessive pronouns)

  1. (preceded by "a") his/hers (that which is his or hers)

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

anns + a'

Preposition[edit]

sa

  1. in the

Usage notes[edit]

  • This form is used before nouns beginning with b, c, g, m or p; otherwise san is used instead.

Related terms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sa (Cyrillic spelling са)

  1. Alternative form of s; used instead of s when the following word starts with s, z, š or ž.

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *sę.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sa

  1. Replaces the accusative of any personal pronoun whenever the object, whether expressed or implied, is of the same person as the subject. Typically can be translated as the corresponding version of oneself:
    vidím sa v zrkadleI see myself in the mirror
    Koho vidíš v zrkadle? Seba.Whom do you see in the mirror? Myself.
  2. (reflexive) Bound with certain verbs, similar to the Italian si. The pronoun is a part of the verb.
    modliť sato pray. There is no modliť in Slovak without the sa.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In regular sentences, it has to be on the 2nd position of the sentence.
    Modlím sa.
    I am praying.
  • In sentences in the past tense, sa moves to the third position while the inflected form of the verb byť takes the 2nd position.
    Modlil som sa.
    I was praying.
  • In hypothetical sentences, sa moves to the fourth position of the sentences which the inflected form of byť occupying the 3rd position and the pronoun by taking the 2nd position.
    Modlil by som sa, keby...
    I would pray, if ...

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sa in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apocopic form of sade

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. past tense of säga.

Tagalog[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

sa

  1. indirect object marker; of, from, to, at, on, in, into, onto, through, among, around, for, by
  2. used in combination with other words to form more specific prepositional phrases:
    sa pamamagitan ngby means of
    mula safrom

Ter Sami[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. sledge, sleigh

Tunica[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. dog

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sa

  1. (medicine equipment) gauze

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. fall (especially from the sky), drop down, prolapse


Welsh[edit]

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. (colloquial, South Wales) first-person singular present negative of bod
    Sa i’n gwybod.I don’t know.
  2. (colloquial) Contraction of basai.

Usage notes[edit]

Unlike other negative verb forms, the present negative form—and so, which is used for all other persons—is not complemented by ddim after the subject.


West Frisian[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sa

  1. so

Western Cham[edit]

Western Cham cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > ‏
    Cardinal : sa

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Chamic *sa, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *əsa, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *əsa, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *əsa, from Proto-Austronesian *əsa.

Numeral[edit]

sa

  1. (cardinal) one

Xaragure[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Drehu xe (smack).

Verb[edit]

sa

  1. hit

References[edit]

  • Claire Moyse-Faurie, Constructions expressing middle, reflexive and reciprocal situations in some Oceanic languages, in Reciprocals and Reflexives: Theoretical and Typological Explorations

Zulu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-sá

  1. (intransitive) to dawn
Inflection[edit]
Tone H
Infinitive ukusa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusa ukungasi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yisa yise
Plural yisani yiseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasa, ngisa engiyasa, engisa ngisa angisi engingasi ngingasi
2nd singular uyasa, usa oyasa, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
1st plural siyasa, sisa esiyasa, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
2nd plural niyasa, nisa eniyasa, enisa nisa anisi eningasi ningasi
Class 1 uyasa, usa oyasa, osa esa akasi ongasi engasi
Class 2 bayasa, basa abayasa, abasa besa abasi abangasi bengasi
Class 3 uyasa, usa oyasa, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
Class 4 iyasa, isa eyasa, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 5 liyasa, lisa eliyasa, elisa lisa alisi elingasi lingasi
Class 6 ayasa, asa ayasa, asa esa awasi angasi engasi
Class 7 siyasa, sisa esiyasa, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
Class 8 ziyasa, zisa eziyasa, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 9 iyasa, isa eyasa, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 10 ziyasa, zisa eziyasa, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 11 luyasa, lusa oluyasa, olusa lusa alusi olungasi lungasi
Class 14 buyasa, busa obuyasa, obusa busa abusi obungasi bungasi
Class 15 kuyasa, kusa okuyasa, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Class 17 kuyasa, kusa okuyasa, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisile, ngisē engisile, engisē ngisile, ngisē angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nisile, nisē enisile, enisē nisile, nisē anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 usile, usē osile, osē esile, esē akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 basile, basē abasile, abasē besile, besē abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lisile, lisē elisile, elisē lisile, lisē alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 asile, asē asile, asē esile, esē awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lusile, lusē olusile, olusē lusile, lusē alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 busile, busē obusile, obusē busile, busē abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsa engāsa ngāsa angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nāsa enāsa nāsa anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 wāsa owāsa āsa akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 bāsa abāsa bāsa abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lāsa elāsa lāsa alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 āsa āsa āsa awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lwāsa olwāsa lwāsa alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 bāsa obāsa bāsa abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasa ngingasa ngingese ngingese
2nd singular ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
1st plural singasa singasa singese singese
2nd plural ningasa ningasa ningese ningese
Class 1 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 2 bangasa bengasa bangese bengese
Class 3 ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
Class 4 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 5 lingasa lingasa lingese lingese
Class 6 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 7 singasa singasa singese singese
Class 8 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 9 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 10 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 11 lungasa lungasa lungese lungese
Class 14 bungasa bungasa bungese bungese
Class 15 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Class 17 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokusa engizokusa ngizokusa angizukusa ngingezukusa
2nd singular uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
1st plural sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
2nd plural nizokusa enizokusa nizokusa anizukusa ningezukusa
Class 1 uzokusa ozokusa ezokusa akazukusa engezukusa
Class 2 bazokusa abazokusa bezokusa abazukusa bengezukusa
Class 3 uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
Class 4 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 5 lizokusa elizokusa lizokusa alizukusa lingezukusa
Class 6 azokusa azokusa ezokusa awazukusa engezukusa
Class 7 sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
Class 8 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 9 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 10 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 11 luzokusa oluzokusa luzokusa aluzukusa lungezukusa
Class 14 buzokusa obuzokusa buzokusa abuzukusa bungezukusa
Class 15 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Class 17 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokusa engiyokusa ngiyokusa angiyukusa ngingeyukusa
2nd singular uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
1st plural siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
2nd plural niyokusa eniyokusa niyokusa aniyukusa ningeyukusa
Class 1 uyokusa oyokusa eyokusa akayukusa engeyukusa
Class 2 bayokusa abayokusa beyokusa abayukusa bengeyukusa
Class 3 uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
Class 4 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 5 liyokusa eliyokusa liyokusa aliyukusa lingeyukusa
Class 6 ayokusa ayokusa eyokusa awayukusa engeyukusa
Class 7 siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
Class 8 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 9 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 10 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 11 luyokusa oluyokusa luyokusa aluyukusa lungeyukusa
Class 14 buyokusa obuyokusa buyokusa abuyukusa bungeyukusa
Class 15 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Class 17 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngise ngingasi
2nd singular use ungasi
1st plural sise singasi
2nd plural nise ningasi
Class 1 ase angasi
Class 2 base bangasi
Class 3 use ungasi
Class 4 ise ingasi
Class 5 lise lingasi
Class 6 ase angasi
Class 7 sise singasi
Class 8 zise zingasi
Class 9 ise ingasi
Class 10 zise zingasi
Class 11 luse lungasi
Class 14 buse bungasi
Class 15 kuse kungasi
Class 17 kuse kungasi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasa angisa
2nd singular wasa awusa
1st plural sasa asisa
2nd plural nasa anisa
Class 1 wasa akasa
Class 2 basa abasa
Class 3 wasa awusa
Class 4 yasa ayisa
Class 5 lasa alisa
Class 6 asa awasa
Class 7 sasa asisa
Class 8 zasa azisa
Class 9 yasa ayisa
Class 10 zasa azisa
Class 11 lwasa alusa
Class 14 basa abusa
Class 15 kwasa akusa
Class 17 kwasa akusa

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Verb[edit]

-sa

  1. (transitive) to take to
  2. (transitive) to convey, to send, to transfer
Inflection[edit]
Tone L
Infinitive ukusa
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusa ukungasi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yisa yise
Plural yisani yiseni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasa, ngisa engiyasa, engisa ngisa angisi engingasi ngingasi
2nd singular uyasa, usa oyasa, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
1st plural siyasa, sisa esiyasa, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
2nd plural niyasa, nisa eniyasa, enisa nisa anisi eningasi ningasi
Class 1 uyasa, usa oyasa, osa esa akasi ongasi engasi
Class 2 bayasa, basa abayasa, abasa besa abasi abangasi bengasi
Class 3 uyasa, usa oyasa, osa usa awusi ongasi ungasi
Class 4 iyasa, isa eyasa, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 5 liyasa, lisa eliyasa, elisa lisa alisi elingasi lingasi
Class 6 ayasa, asa ayasa, asa esa awasi angasi engasi
Class 7 siyasa, sisa esiyasa, esisa sisa asisi esingasi singasi
Class 8 ziyasa, zisa eziyasa, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 9 iyasa, isa eyasa, esa isa ayisi engasi ingasi
Class 10 ziyasa, zisa eziyasa, ezisa zisa azisi ezingasi zingasi
Class 11 luyasa, lusa oluyasa, olusa lusa alusi olungasi lungasi
Class 14 buyasa, busa obuyasa, obusa busa abusi obungasi bungasi
Class 15 kuyasa, kusa okuyasa, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Class 17 kuyasa, kusa okuyasa, okusa kusa akusi okungasi kungasi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisile, ngisē engisile, engisē ngisile, ngisē angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nisile, nisē enisile, enisē nisile, nisē anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 usile, usē osile, osē esile, esē akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 basile, basē abasile, abasē besile, besē abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 usile, usē osile, osē usile, usē awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lisile, lisē elisile, elisē lisile, lisē alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 asile, asē asile, asē esile, esē awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sisile, sisē esisile, esisē sisile, sisē asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 isile, isē esile, esē isile, isē ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zisile, zisē ezisile, ezisē zisile, zisē azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lusile, lusē olusile, olusē lusile, lusē alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 busile, busē obusile, obusē busile, busē abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kusile, kusē okusile, okusē kusile, kusē akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsa engāsa ngāsa angisanga engingasanga ngingasanga
2nd singular wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
1st plural sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
2nd plural nāsa enāsa nāsa anisanga eningasanga ningasanga
Class 1 wāsa owāsa āsa akasanga ongasanga engasanga
Class 2 bāsa abāsa bāsa abasanga abangasanga bengasanga
Class 3 wāsa owāsa wāsa awusanga ongasanga ungasanga
Class 4 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 5 lāsa elāsa lāsa alisanga elingasanga lingasanga
Class 6 āsa āsa āsa awasanga angasanga engasanga
Class 7 sāsa esāsa sāsa asisanga esingasanga singasanga
Class 8 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 9 yāsa eyāsa yāsa ayisanga engasanga ingasanga
Class 10 zāsa ezāsa zāsa azisanga ezingasanga zingasanga
Class 11 lwāsa olwāsa lwāsa alusanga olungasanga lungasanga
Class 14 bāsa obāsa bāsa abusanga obungasanga bungasanga
Class 15 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Class 17 kwāsa okwāsa kwāsa akusanga okungasanga kungasanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasa ngingasa ngingese ngingese
2nd singular ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
1st plural singasa singasa singese singese
2nd plural ningasa ningasa ningese ningese
Class 1 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 2 bangasa bengasa bangese bengese
Class 3 ungasa ungasa ungese ungese
Class 4 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 5 lingasa lingasa lingese lingese
Class 6 angasa engasa angese engese
Class 7 singasa singasa singese singese
Class 8 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 9 ingasa ingasa ingese ingese
Class 10 zingasa zingasa zingese zingese
Class 11 lungasa lungasa lungese lungese
Class 14 bungasa bungasa bungese bungese
Class 15 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Class 17 kungasa kungasa kungese kungese
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokusa engizokusa ngizokusa angizukusa ngingezukusa
2nd singular uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
1st plural sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
2nd plural nizokusa enizokusa nizokusa anizukusa ningezukusa
Class 1 uzokusa ozokusa ezokusa akazukusa engezukusa
Class 2 bazokusa abazokusa bezokusa abazukusa bengezukusa
Class 3 uzokusa ozokusa uzokusa awuzukusa ungezukusa
Class 4 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 5 lizokusa elizokusa lizokusa alizukusa lingezukusa
Class 6 azokusa azokusa ezokusa awazukusa engezukusa
Class 7 sizokusa esizokusa sizokusa asizukusa singezukusa
Class 8 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 9 izokusa ezokusa izokusa ayizukusa ingezukusa
Class 10 zizokusa ezizokusa zizokusa azizukusa zingezukusa
Class 11 luzokusa oluzokusa luzokusa aluzukusa lungezukusa
Class 14 buzokusa obuzokusa buzokusa abuzukusa bungezukusa
Class 15 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Class 17 kuzokusa okuzokusa kuzokusa akuzukusa kungezukusa
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokusa engiyokusa ngiyokusa angiyukusa ngingeyukusa
2nd singular uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
1st plural siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
2nd plural niyokusa eniyokusa niyokusa aniyukusa ningeyukusa
Class 1 uyokusa oyokusa eyokusa akayukusa engeyukusa
Class 2 bayokusa abayokusa beyokusa abayukusa bengeyukusa
Class 3 uyokusa oyokusa uyokusa awuyukusa ungeyukusa
Class 4 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 5 liyokusa eliyokusa liyokusa aliyukusa lingeyukusa
Class 6 ayokusa ayokusa eyokusa awayukusa engeyukusa
Class 7 siyokusa esiyokusa siyokusa asiyukusa singeyukusa
Class 8 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 9 iyokusa eyokusa iyokusa ayiyukusa ingeyukusa
Class 10 ziyokusa eziyokusa ziyokusa aziyukusa zingeyukusa
Class 11 luyokusa oluyokusa luyokusa aluyukusa lungeyukusa
Class 14 buyokusa obuyokusa buyokusa abuyukusa bungeyukusa
Class 15 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Class 17 kuyokusa okuyokusa kuyokusa akuyukusa kungeyukusa
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngise ngingasi
2nd singular use ungasi
1st plural sise singasi
2nd plural nise ningasi
Class 1 ase angasi
Class 2 base bangasi
Class 3 use ungasi
Class 4 ise ingasi
Class 5 lise lingasi
Class 6 ase angasi
Class 7 sise singasi
Class 8 zise zingasi
Class 9 ise ingasi
Class 10 zise zingasi
Class 11 luse lungasi
Class 14 buse bungasi
Class 15 kuse kungasi
Class 17 kuse kungasi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasa angisa
2nd singular wasa awusa
1st plural sasa asisa
2nd plural nasa anisa
Class 1 wasa akasa
Class 2 basa abasa
Class 3 wasa awusa
Class 4 yasa ayisa
Class 5 lasa alisa
Class 6 asa awasa
Class 7 sasa asisa
Class 8 zasa azisa
Class 9 yasa ayisa
Class 10 zasa azisa
Class 11 lwasa alusa
Class 14 basa abusa
Class 15 kwasa akusa
Class 17 kwasa akusa

References[edit]