ทราย

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Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Southwestern Tai *zaːjᴬ (sand), from Proto-Tai *zwɯəjᴬ (sand), from Old Chinese (OC *sraːl, *sraːls, “sand”). Cognate with Northern Thai ᨪᩣ᩠ᨿ, Lao ຊາຍ (sāi), ᦌᦻ (saay), Khün ᨪᩣ᩠ᨿ, Shan သၢႆး (sáay), Tai Nüa ᥔᥣᥭᥰ (säay), Ahom 𑜏𑜩 (say) or 𑜏𑜩𑜤 (sayu), Zhuang saiz, Nong Zhuang saiz. Compare Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(s/z)a-j (earth, sand, soil).

This word was written ซาย (saai) (with a (sɔɔ) initial) in documents prior to the 18th century, but shifted to the current spelling (with a cluster ทร initial) during the 18–19th centuries, possibly under the popular misconception that this word was of Khmer origin, and that the s- initial had developed from an earlier *dr-, whereas Khmer ទ្រាយ (triəy) means a kind of deer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicทราย
d r ā y
Phonemicซาย
z ā y
RomanizationPaiboonsaai
Royal Institutesai
(standard) IPA(key)/saːj˧/
Homophonesไซน์

Noun[edit]

ทราย (saai)

  1. sand.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms