accusative

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English accusative, borrowed from Anglo-Norman accusatif or Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (of blaming), from accūsō (to blame). Akin to accuse. The Latin form is a mistranslation of the Ancient Greek grammatical term αἰτιᾱτική (aitiātikḗ, expressing an effect). This term actually comes from αἰτιᾱτός (aitiātós, caused) +‎ -ῐκός (-ikós, adjective suffix), but was reanalyzed as coming from αἰτιᾱ- (aitiā-), the stem of the verb αἰτιάομαι (aitiáomai, to blame), + -τῐκός (-tikós, verbal adjective suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /əˈkjuːzətɪv/
  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈkjuzətɪv/
  • Hyphenation: ac‧cusa‧tive
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

accusative (comparative more accusative, superlative most accusative)

  1. Producing accusations; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
    Synonyms: accusatory, accusatorial
  2. (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

accusative (plural accusatives)

  1. (grammar) The accusative case.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]


French[edit]

Adjective[edit]

accusative

  1. feminine singular of accusatif

Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

accūsātīve

  1. vocative singular of accūsātīvus