表す

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
あらわ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
Alternative spellings
表わす
現わす
現す
顕わす
顕す

Derived as the verb form of adjective (arawa, naked, bare; open, revealed), as a compound of (arawa) +‎ (-su, causativizing suffix; root of modern する (suru, to do; to make something do)), with an original meaning of “to make something open and public, to make something apparent”.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "表す"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
表す らわ [àráwáꜜsù]
Imperative (命令形) 表せ らわ [àráwáꜜsè]
Key constructions
Passive 表される らわされ [àráwásáréꜜrù]
Causative 表させる らわさせ [àráwásáséꜜrù]
Potential 表せる らわせ [àráwáséꜜrù]
Volitional 表そう らわそ [àráwásóꜜò]
Negative 表さない らわさない [àráwásáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 表さなかった らわさなかった [àráwásáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 表します らわしま [àráwáshímáꜜsù]
Perfective 表した らわした [àráwáꜜshìtà]
Conjunctive 表して らわして [àráwáꜜshìtè]
Hypothetical conditional 表せば らわせば [àráwáꜜsèbà]

Verb[edit]

Japanese verb pair
active (あらわ)
mediopassive (あらわ)れる

(あらわ) (arawasuあらはす (arafasu)? transitive godan (stem (あらわ) (arawashi), past (あらわ)した (arawashita))

  1. to show, to make apparent
  2. to express, to put into words
  3. to signify, to represent, to symbolize, to stand for
Usage notes[edit]

This verb can be spelled many different ways. The spellings with the kana might be preferred for avoiding ambiguous readings. In general, which kanji to use depends on which sense one wishes to emphasize:[4]

Conjugation[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひょう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Derived from Middle Chinese (MC piᴇuX), as a compound of (hyō) +‎ (-su, causativizing / transitivizing suffix; root of modern する (suru), “to do; to make something do”).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

(ひょう) (hyōsuへうす (feusu)? transitive godan (stem (ひょう) (hyōshi), past (ひょう)した (hyōshita))

  1. to express, to say in words, to put into words
Usage notes[edit]

This is an archaic form. The modern form is (ひょう)する (hyōsuru).

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN