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U+9732, 露
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9732

[U+9731]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9733]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +13, 21 strokes, cangjie input 一月口一口 (MBRMR), four-corner 10164, composition)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1378, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42463
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1887, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4078, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+9732

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
露-seal.svg 露-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰraːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡs
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *klaːɡ
笿 *ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ, *kraːɡ
*ɡ·raːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ
*klaːɡ, *kraːɡ
*klaːɡ
*kʰlaːɡ
*kʰaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ, *mɡraːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡlaːɡ
*ɡ·raɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*kʰraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ŋɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ
*ɡraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡ·raːɡs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ɡ·raːɡs).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/luoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/loH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɔH/
Li
Rong
/loH/
Wang
Li
/luH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ luH ›
Old
Chinese
/*p.rˁak-s/
English dew; disclose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3860
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·raːɡs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. dew
  2. fruity beverage; syrup; nectar; juice
  3. cosmetic products made by distilling flowers, fruit or leaves
  4. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Note:
  • lòu - vernacular;
  • lù - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Note:
    • lou6 - literary;
    • lau6 - vernacular.
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /luoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /luoH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /loH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɔH/
    Li
    Rong
    /loH/
    Wang
    Li
    /luH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /luoH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ luH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*p.rˁak-s/
    English dew; disclose

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3860
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡ·raːɡs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to be in the open; bare; open; exposed
    2. (colloquial) to show; to reveal; to expose

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    あらわ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Adjectival noun[edit]

    (-na inflection, hiragana あらわ, rōmaji arawa)

    1. naked, bare
       () (まん) (あらわ)する
      fuman o arawa ni suru
      to expose/lay bare one's discontent
    Inflection[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つゆ
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana つゆ, rōmaji tsuyu)

    1. dew

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Kanji in this term

    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana , rōmaji Ro)

    1. short form for Russia or Russian in Japanese, Russo- (prefix), short form of 露西亜 (ろしあ, Roshia), modern spelling: ロシア (Roshia), also written in katakana: (Ro).
       () () () (てん)
      Wa-Ro jiten
      Russian-Japanese dictionary
      日露戦争 (にちろせんそう)
      Nichi-Ro sensō
      Japanese-Russian war (normally: "Russo-Japanese war")
       (べい) () (かん) (けい)
      Bei-Ro kankei
      US-Russia relations

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ro>no) (hangeul >, McCune–Reischauer ro>no, Yale lo>no)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (lộ)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.