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See also: and
U+9727, 霧
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9727

[U+9726]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9728]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 173, +11, 19 strokes, cangjie input 一月弓竹尸 (MBNHS), four-corner 10227, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1377, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42418
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4074, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+9727

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *moɡs, *moːŋ): semantic (rain) + phonetic (OC *moɡs).

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *muːŋ ~ r/s-muːk (foggy; dark; sullen; menacing; thunder) (STEDT; Schuessler, 2007) or its allofam *r-məw (sky; heavens; clouds) (Schuessler, 2007). Cognate with Tibetan རྨུ་བ (rmu ba, fog), རྨུགས་པ (rmugs pa, dense fog), Burmese မြူ (mru, minute particle; haze; fog).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • mū - verncular;
  • ū - literary.
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • u5 - vernacular;
    • u4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (4)
    Final () (24)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /mɨoH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /mioH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /mioH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /muə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /mioH/
    Wang
    Li
    /mĭuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /mi̯uH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    mou6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ mjuH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kə.m(r)[o]k-s/
    English fog, mist

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 8856
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*moɡs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. fog; mist
    2. vapour; fine spray
    3. (Hokkien) blurry
    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms 𣲘

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Hokkien) to spray; to spit (a liquid, often after keeping the liquid in one's mouth)
    2. (Taiwanese Hokkien) to gush upwards

    Etymology 3[edit]

    trad.
    simp.

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Min Bei) Alternative form of (“fog; mist”).

    Etymology 4[edit]

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“gloomy; fog; etc.”).
    (This character, , is a variant form of .)

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (きり) (kiri

    1. mist, fog
      • 794, Shin'yaku Kegonkyō Ongi Shiki
        重霧 下奇利
      • 1999 March 1, “ウォーター・エレメント [Water Element]”, in BOOSTER 1, Konami:
        (みず)()んでいる(せい)(れい)。まわりを(きり)でつつみこみ()(かい)(うば)う。
        Mizu ni sundeiru seirei. Mawari o kiri de tsutsumikomi shikai o ubau.
        A spirit who lives in the water. She’ll blind you by surrounding you with mist.

    See also[edit]

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC mɨoH). Recorded as Middle Korean 무〯 (Yale: mwǔ) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [mu(ː)]
    • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
      • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 안개 (an'gae mu))

    1. Hanja form? of (fog; mist).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: vụ,

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.