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U+6703, 會
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6703

[U+6702]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6704]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional
Stroke order
會-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 73, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人一田日 (OMWA), four-corner 80606, composition𭥴)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14306
  • Dae Jaweon: page 878, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1524, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6703

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
會-oracle.svg 會-bronze.svg 會-seal.svg 會-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – a lid on top of a container, with content in.

Etymology[edit]

All the pronunciations are ultimately cognate, derived from a root meaning "to join, to come together ~ to meet, to gather ~ to match, to fit ~ to understand". Perhaps related to (OC *kuːb, *ɡuːb, “to match”) ~ (OC *kaːbs, *kaːb, *ɡaːb, “lid”).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Note:
  • Xiamen:
  • Quanzhou:
    • hōe - literary;
    • hēr - vernacular (limited, e.g. 分會).
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • fei5 - vernacular;
    • fei4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 會 (開)
    Mandarin Beijing /xuei⁵¹/
    Harbin /xuei⁵³/
    Tianjin /xuei⁵³/
    Jinan /xuei²¹/
    Qingdao /xue⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xuei³¹²/
    Xi'an /xuei⁴⁴/
    Xining /xuɨ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /xuei¹³/
    Lanzhou /xuei¹³/
    Ürümqi /xuei²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuei³⁵/
    Chengdu /xuei¹³/
    Guiyang /xuei²¹³/
    Kunming /xuei²¹²/
    Nanjing /xuəi⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xue⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xuei⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /xuei⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦue²³/
    Suzhou /ɦue̞³¹/
    Hangzhou /ɦui¹³/
    Wenzhou /vai²²/
    Hui Shexian /xuɛ²²/
    /uɛ²²/
    Tunxi /xuə¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /fei⁵⁵/
    /fei¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɸəi²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /fɨi²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /fi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wui³⁵/
    Nanning /wui²²/
    Hong Kong /wui³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hue²²/
    /e²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huɔi²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xo⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hue³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³³/
    /ɔi³³/ ~做

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (26)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁop-s/
    English meeting; have a meeting

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 5507
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoːbs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. union; group; association (Classifier: )
      /   ―  shèhuì  ―  society
      /   ―  bānghuì  ―  secret society, underworld gang
    2. a place where people meet; an economic or political centre; city, town
      /   ―  dōuhuì  ―  capital city
      /   ―  xǐnghuì  ―  provincial capital
    3. occasion; opportunity; chance
      /   ―  huì  ―  opportunity
    4. to understand; to grasp
      /   ―  huì  ―  to misunderstand; misunderstanding
    5. lid; cover
      /   ―  huì  ―  to uncover
    6. to match; to conform
    7. to marry
    8. to copulate
    9. to gather; to assemble
      /   ―  huì  ―  to gather
      昨天沒有 [MSC, trad.]
      昨天没有 [MSC, simp.]
      Zuótiān wǒ méiyǒu huì zhe tā. [Pinyin]
      I didn't see him yesterday.
    10. to meet; to rendezvous
      /   ―  huìjiàn  ―  to meet with
      /   ―  huìmiàn  ―  to meet with
      車站朋友 [MSC, trad.]
      车站朋友 [MSC, simp.]
      wǒ yào dào chēzhàn huì péngyǒu [Pinyin]
      I have to go to the station to meet a friend.
    11. meeting; gathering (Classifier: ; )
      /   ―  huì  ―  meeting, conference
      還有 / 还有  ―  Wǒ háiyǒu ge huì yào kāi.  ―  I have a meeting to go to.
      1. Especially, meetings of deputies of their sovereigns in ancient China to form alliances.
        /   ―  huì  ―  gathering, party
        /   ―  ménghuì  ―  meeting of sovereigns
    12. rhythm; cadence
      /   ―  jiéhuì  ―  rhythm of a musical piece

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 2[edit]


    Note: wui3 - nonstandard.
    Note: substitute character for , which may be related to .
    Note: substitute character for , which may be related to .
    Note: substitute character for , which may be related to .
    Note:
    • fei5 - vernacular;
    • fei4 - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (26)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁop-s/
    English meeting; have a meeting

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 5507
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoːbs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to know how to perform a task; can; to be able to
      英語日語 [MSC, trad.]
      英语日语 [MSC, simp.]
      huì yīngyǔ, bù huì rìyǔ. [Pinyin]
      I know English but don't know Japanese.
      京戲 / 京戏  ―  Tā hái huì liǎng chū Jīngxì.  ―  He is able to sing a few airs of Beijing Opera.
    2. to be possible; can
      污染使氣喘加重 [MSC, trad.]
      污染使气喘加重 [MSC, simp.]
      Wūrǎn huì shǐ qìchuǎn jiāzhòng. [Pinyin]
      Pollution can aggravate asthma.
    3. will; to be likely to; to be sure to
      /   ―  huì zài jiā ma?  ―  Is he likely to be at home?
      公共汽車準時到達 [MSC, trad.]
      公共汽车准时到达 [MSC, simp.]
      Gōnggòngqìchē huì zhǔnshí dàodá. [Pinyin]
      The bus will arrive on time
    Synonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Pronunciation 3[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (26)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    huì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    huì
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-kˁop-s/
    English meeting; have a meeting

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 5507
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡoːbs/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. moment
      /   ―  huì  ―  a moment
      /   ―  huìr  ―  a moment
      /   ―  Děng yīhuìr.  ―  Wait a moment.

    Pronunciation 4[edit]



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 會 (計)
    Mandarin Beijing /kʰuai⁵¹/
    Harbin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Tianjin /kʰuai⁵³/
    Jinan /kʰuɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /kʰuɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kʰuai³¹²/
    Xi'an /kʰuai⁵³/
    Xining /kʰuɛ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /kʰuɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kʰuai²¹³/
    Wuhan /kʰuai³⁵/
    Chengdu /kʰuai¹³/
    Guiyang /kʰuai⁴²/
    Kunming /kʰuæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /kʰuae⁴⁴/
    Hefei /kʰue̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kʰuai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kʰuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kʰuɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kʰue³⁵/
    Suzhou /kʰue̞⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kʰui⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /kai⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kʰuɛ³²⁴/
    /kuɛ³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kʰua⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kʰuai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kʰuai²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰuai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /fui⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /wui²²/
    Nanning /wui²²/
    Hong Kong /kʰui³⁵/
    /wui²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kue²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɔi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰo³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hui³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (26)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁop-s/
    English calculate; calculation

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 5493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːbs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to compute; to calculate; to sum; to do accounting
      /   ―  kuài  ―  accountant, accountancy, accounting
      計師 / 计师  ―  kuàijìshī  ―  accountant
    2. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Pronunciation 5[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (26)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kuɑiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwajH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kuɑiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guì
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    kuài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwajH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˁop-s/
    English calculate; calculation

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 5493
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*koːbs/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 會稽会稽 (Kuàijī, “Guiji Commandery”).

    Pronunciation 6[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. Only used in 會撮会撮.

    Descendants[edit]

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (かい) (kai)
    • Korean: (, hoe); (, goe)
    • Vietnamese: hội ()

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    Definitions[edit]

    1. meeting, gathering
    2. society, club, association

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (かい) (kai (kyūjitai, shinjitai , historical kana くわい)

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    Suffix[edit]

    (かい) (-kai (kyūjitai, shinjitai , historical kana くわい)

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (eumhun 모일 (moil hoe))

    1. Hanja form? of (to gather, assemble).

    Compounds[edit]


    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (hội, cuối, hụi)

    1. to meet, a meeting

    Compounds[edit]


    References[edit]

    1. https://www.chunom.org/pages/6703/