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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 149 +7, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜口金口山 (YRCRU), four-corner 08616, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1164, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35556
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1629, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 6, page 3979, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8AAA

Chinese[edit]

trad. /
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljods, *hljod, *lod): semantic  + phonetic 

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (26)
Final: (82)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuo
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiuᴇt̚/ /ɕʷiɛt̚/ /ɕjuæt̚/ /ɕwiat̚/ /ɕiuɛt̚/ /ɕĭuɛt̚/ /ɕi̯wɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2571 3 /*hljod/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to say, to speak
    漢語 / 汉语  ―  shuō Hànyǔ  ―  speak Chinese
    /   ―  shuōhuà  ―  to speak
  2. to explain
    清楚 / 清楚  ―  bǎ huà shuō qīngchǔ  ―  to make it clear
  3. to refer to
  4. to discuss
  5. to introduce; to bring parties together
    /   ―  shuōméi  ―  to act as a matchmaker
  6. to criticize, to scold, to upbraid
    怎麼天天 / 怎么天天  ―  Nǐ zěnme tiāntiān dōu shuō wǒ?  ―  Why do you constantly criticize me?
  7. theory; explanation
    /   ―  xuéshuō  ―  theory
Synonyms[edit]
Dialectal synonyms of ("to say, to speak")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (26)
Final: (36)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: shuì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕiuᴇiH/ /ɕʷiɛiH/ /ɕiuæiH/ /ɕwiajH/ /ɕiuɛiH/ /ɕĭwɛiH/ /ɕi̯wɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2552 3 /*hljods/

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) to persuade
    /   ―  shuì  ―  to persuade

Etymology 3[edit]

Alternative form of (yuè).

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (36)
Final: (82)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: yuè
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/jiuᴇt̚/ /jʷiɛt̚/ /juæt̚/ /jwiat̚/ /iuɛt̚/ /jĭuɛt̚/ /i̯wɛt̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2577 3 /*lod/

Verb[edit]

  1. (archaic) to delight in; to be happy about
    /   ―  Xué ér shí xí zhī, bù yì yuè hū?  ―  Isn't it a thing worthy to be happy about to learn and then study frequently?

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. opinion
  2. theory
  3. explanation
  4. rumor

Readings[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

This character has never been used in Japanese and lacks essential JIS support. Tha variant is used instead.


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seol, se, yeol) (hangeul , , 열, revised seol, se, yeol, McCune-Reischauer sŏl, se, yŏl, Yale sel, sey, yel)

  1. explain
  2. speak
  3. talk

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thuyết)

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