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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女水心 (VEP), four-corner 47334, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 380, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2282, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6012

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːʔ, *naːs): semantic  ‎(heart) + phonetic  ‎(OC *naː, slave) – angry.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (8)
Final: (23)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: nǔ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/nuoX/ /nuoX/ /noX/ /nɔX/ /noX/ /nuX/ /nuoX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (8)
Final: (23)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: nù
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/nuoH/ /nuoH/ /noH/ /nɔH/ /noH/ /nuH/ /nuoH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nuX › /*C.nˤaʔ/ angry
‹ nuH › /*C.nˤaʔ-s/ anger, angry; vigorous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9608 0 /*naːʔ/
9610 0 /*naːs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. angry
  2. anger, rage, passion
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. anger, fury

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(no) (hangeul , revised no, McCune-Reischauer no, Yale no)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nộ)

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