Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic ; the sound "guai".

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心水土 (PEG), four-corner 97014, composition)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 382, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 711, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2288, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+602A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /kuai⁵¹/
Harbin /kuai⁵³/
Tianjin /kuai⁵³/
Jinan /kuɛ²¹/
Qingdao /kuɛ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /kuai³¹²/
Xi'an /kuai⁴⁴/
Xining /kuɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /kuɛ¹³/
Lanzhou /kuɛ¹³/
Ürümqi /kuai²¹³/
Wuhan /kuai³⁵/
Chengdu /kuai¹³/
Guiyang /kuai²¹³/
Kunming /kuæ²¹²/
Nanjing /kuae⁴⁴/
/kuae²¹²/
Hefei /kue̞⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /kuai⁴⁵/
Pingyao /kuæ³⁵/
Hohhot /kuɛ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /kua³⁵/
Suzhou /kuɑ⁵¹³/
Hangzhou /kue̞⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
Hui Shexian /kua³²⁴/
Tunxi /kua⁴²/
Xiang Changsha /kuai⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /kuai⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /kuai⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kuai⁵³/
Taoyuan /kuɑi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwai³³/
Nanning /kʷai³³/
Hong Kong /kwai³³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuai²¹/
/kue²¹/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuɛ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kuai³⁵/
/kɔi³⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣuɛiH/ /kwăiH/ /kuɛiH/ /kʷɯæiH/ /kwəɨjH/ /kwɐiH/ /kuɐiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guài ‹ kwɛjH › /*[k]ʷˤrə-s/ extraordinary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7501 2 /*kruːds/

Definition[edit]

  1. strange, unusual, peculiar, out-of-the-ordinary
  2. to blame someone
  3. quite, rather

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese ‎(kwɛjH).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana かい, romaji kai, historical hiragana くわい)

  1. strangeness

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(goe) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer koe, Yale koy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quái, quảy, quấy, quế)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.