Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also:
U+602A, 怪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-602A

[U+6029]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+602B]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 心水土 (PEG), four-corner 97014, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 382, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10483
  • Dae Jaweon: page 711, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2288, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+602A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢘪

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kruːds
*krɯːs
*kʰuːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kruːds): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kʰuːd).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • koài - literary;
  • kòe/kòa - vernacular.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /kuai⁵¹/
    Harbin /kuai⁵³/
    Tianjin /kuai⁵³/
    Jinan /kuɛ²¹/
    Qingdao /kuɛ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /kuai³¹²/
    Xi'an /kuai⁴⁴/
    Xining /kuɛ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /kuɛ¹³/
    Lanzhou /kuɛ¹³/
    Ürümqi /kuai²¹³/
    Wuhan /kuai³⁵/
    Chengdu /kuai¹³/
    Guiyang /kuai²¹³/
    Kunming /kuæ²¹²/
    Nanjing /kuae⁴⁴/
    /kuae²¹²/
    Hefei /kue̞⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /kuai⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /kuæ³⁵/
    Hohhot /kuɛ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /kua³⁵/
    Suzhou /kuɑ⁵¹³/
    Hangzhou /kue̞⁴⁴⁵/
    Wenzhou /ka⁴²/
    Hui Shexian /kua³²⁴/
    Tunxi /kua⁴²/
    Xiang Changsha /kuai⁵⁵/
    Xiangtan /kuai⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /kuai⁴⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kuai⁵³/
    Taoyuan /kuɑi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kwai³³/
    Nanning /kʷai³³/
    Hong Kong /kwai³³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kuai²¹/
    /kue²¹/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuɑi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kuɛ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kuai²¹³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kuai³⁵/
    /kɔi³⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (34)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuɛiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚæiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwəɨjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɛiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwɐiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwăiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guài
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guài
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwɛjH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[k]ʷˤrə-s/
    English extraordinary

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7501
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kruːds/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. strange, odd, unusual, peculiar, out-of-the-ordinary, weird, queer
        ―  hěn guài de rén  ―  very weird person
      味道有點 / 味道有点  ―  Wèidào yǒudiǎn guài.  ―  It tastes funny.
    2. to blame someone, to put the blame on
      /   ―  Bié guài tā.  ―  Don't blame him.
    3. quite, rather

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. mysterious

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]


    Kanji in this term
    かい
    Grade: S
    on’yomi

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (kwɛjH).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (hiragana かい, rōmaji kai, historical hiragana くわい)

    1. strangeness

    References[edit]

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (goe) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer koe, Yale koy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (quái, quảy, quấy, quế)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.