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U+7AAE, 窮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AAE

[U+7AAD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AAF]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 十金竹竹弓 (JCHHN), four-corner 30227)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kuŋ
*kuŋ, *kʰuŋ
*kuŋ
*ɡuŋ
*ɡuŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuŋ): semantic (body) + phonetic (OC *kʰʷɯŋ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kiong5 - literary;
  • gêng5 - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰyŋ³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰyuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰyŋ²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰyə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰyŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰioŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰioŋ²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰioŋ¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰioŋ²⁴/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰiŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyŋ¹³/
/t͡ɕyŋ¹³/ ~人
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑioŋ²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑioŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑioŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑoŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕioŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiuŋ²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰioŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰoŋ²¹/
Nanning /kʰuŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /kʰuŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔŋ³⁵/
/kiŋ³⁵/
/kʰiŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kœyŋ²¹/ 無~
/kœyŋ³³/ ~沒
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰioŋ⁵⁵/
/keŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xiɔŋ³¹/
/kiaŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qióng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qióng qióng
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwng › ‹ gjuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)uŋ/ /*m-[ɡ](r)uŋ/
English poor exhaust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4145
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. poor, destitute, impoverished

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gung) (hangeul , revised gung, McCune-Reischauer kung, Yale kwung)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

(cùng, khùng, còng, càng)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

‎(khùng)

  1. crazy

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(càng)

  1. nipper, pincer

References[edit]