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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(body) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 116 +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 十金竹竹弓 (JCHHN), four-corner 30227)

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (窮), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 東
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 渠弓切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨuŋ/ /gi̯uŋ/ /ɡiuŋ/ /ɡiuŋ/ /guwŋ/ /ɡĭuŋ/ /ɡiuŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
qióng ‹ gjuwng › /*[ɡ](r)uŋ/ poor
qióng ‹ gjuwng › /*m-[ɡ](r)uŋ/ exhaust

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4145 0 /*ɡuŋ/

Adjective[edit]

  1. poor, destitute, impoverished

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gung) (hangeul , revised gung, McCune-Reischauer kung, Yale kwung)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Character[edit]

(cùng, khùng, còng, càng)

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Adjective[edit]

‎(khùng)

  1. crazy

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(càng)

  1. nipper, pincer

References[edit]