Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+90AA, 邪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-90AA

[U+90A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+90AB]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 163, +4 in Chinese, 邑+5 in Japanese, 7 strokes in Chinese, 8 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 一竹弓中 (MHNL), four-corner 17227, composition ⿰牙)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1269, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1768, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3758, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+90AA

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms “evil; strange; tilted”
𧘪 “evil; strange; tilted”
“evil; strange; tilted; particle”

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
邪-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ljaː, *laː): phonetic  (OC *ŋraː) + semantic  (town; city).

The semantic component suggests that this character was originally used in a place name, which Shuowen suggests to be 琅邪. It was later borrowed for other meanings, the most prominent being “wrong; evil” (originally written as ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɛ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕiɛ²²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕie⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕiə⁴²/
Qingdao /siə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /siɛ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕiɛ²⁴/
Xining /ɕi⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕie⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiə⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕiɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕie²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕie³¹/
Guiyang /ɕie²¹/
Kunming /ɕiɛ³¹/
Nanjing /sie²⁴/
Hefei /ɕi⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕie¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕie̞¹³/
Hohhot /ɕie³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ʑia²³/
Suzhou /ziɑ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑiɑ²¹³/
Wenzhou /zei³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰe⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡sʰiɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /sie¹³/
Xiangtan /siɒ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sia¹¹/
Taoyuan /siɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰe²¹/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰɛ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sia³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sia⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sia²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sia⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /se³¹/
/tia³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (17)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/zia/
Pan
Wuyun
/zia/
Shao
Rongfen
/zia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/zia/
Li
Rong
/zia/
Wang
Li
/zĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/zi̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xié
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xié
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjæ ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.ɢA/
English awry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14175
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ljaː/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wrong; evil; depraved; vicious; perverse; heterodox
  2. unnatural; strange
  3. disaster; calamity
  4. (traditional Chinese medicine) unwholesome environmental factor; pathogenetic factor
  5. Alternative form of (xié, “tilted; inclined”).

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jia/
Pan
Wuyun
/jia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jia/
Li
Rong
/ia/
Wang
Li
/jĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢ(r)A/
English 琅邪 (name of a mountain in Shāndōng)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 琅邪, alternative form of 琅琊.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (36)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jia/
Pan
Wuyun
/jia/
Shao
Rongfen
/ia/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jia/
Li
Rong
/ia/
Wang
Li
/jĭa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯a/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹  ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ](r)A/
English (interrogative particle)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14197
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “sentence-final interrogative particle”).
  2. The chant of labourers used for synchronized pulling, lifting, etc., similar to heigh-ho.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]



BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ zjo ›
Old
Chinese
/*sə.la/
English walk slowly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “slow”).

Pronunciation 5[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (, “remainder; remaining days”).

Pronunciation 6[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 歸邪归邪.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. wicked
  2. injustice
  3. wrong

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sa, ya) (hangeul , , revised sa, ya, McCune–Reischauer sa, ya, Yale sa, ya)

  1. cunning, sly, crafty, artful
  2. dislocated, out of joint, out of step, out of line
  3. deceive, cheat, trick, fool, swindle
  4. crooked, askew, slanted

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.