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See also: and
U+865B, 虛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-865B

[U+865A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+865C]

Translingual[edit]

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character[edit]

(radical 141, +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 卜心廿一 (YPTM), four-corner 21212)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1074, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32709
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1541, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2825, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+865B

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
虛-silk.svg 虛-seal.svg 虛-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰraːs, *kʷraːɡ
*qʰral, *qʰrals, *qʰaː
*qʰra
*qʰra
*qʰras
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː, *ra
*b·raː
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*raː
*b·raː
*raː
*raː
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*raːʔ
*qʰaː, *qʰʷa, *qʰaː, *qʰʷa
*qʰaː
*qʰʷlaː
*qʰlaːʔ
*qʰlaːʔ
*qʰlaːʔ
*b·ra
*ra
*b·ra
*ra
*ra, *ras
*ra, *ras
*raʔ
*ras
*ras
*ras
*ras
*r̥ʰa
*kʰljaʔ, *kʰljas
*kas, *ɡa
*kas
*kas, *ɡa, *ɡaʔ
*kas, *ɡas
*kʰa, *qʰa
*kʰa
*ɡa
*ɡa, *ɡʷa
*ɡa
*ɡa, *ɡas, *ɡaɡ
*ɡa
*ɡaʔ
*ɡas
*ɡas
*qʰa
*qʰa
*qʰa
*pla
*kʰʷral
*ɡaɡ
*ɡaɡ
*ɡaɡ
*qʰʷraːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰa, *qʰa): phonetic  (OC *qʰaː) + semantic  (hill). The lower component is retains the shape of , the ancient form of .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • Taiwan:
    • hi - vernacular;
    • hu - literary.
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 1he - vernacular;
    • 1xy - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (32) (29)
    Final () (22) (22)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hɨʌ/ /kʰɨʌ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɨə̆/ /kʰɨə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiɔ/ /kʰiɔ/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭo/ /kʰĭo/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wo/ /kʰi̯wo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khjo › ‹ xjo ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.qʰ(r)a/ /*qʰ(r)a/
    English hill, mound; abandoned city empty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 5254 5269
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰa/ /*qʰa/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. empty; hollow
    2. false; worthless; vain
    3. (astronomy) Emptiness, a Chinese constellation near Aquarius and Equuleus

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): きょ (kyo); (ko)
    • Kun: むなしい (munashii, 虛しい)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (heo) (hangeul , revised heo, McCune–Reischauer hŏ, Yale he)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    ()

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.