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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
去-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
去-oracle.svg 去-bronze.svg 去-bigseal.svg 去-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(man) +  ‎(mouth, object). Top figure simplified to , unrelated to ‎(scholar, gentleman), while bottom simplified to . There are various interpretations of the combination of "man" and "mouth, object". One is that the ideograph represented a man with a hole marked in his crotch, and the inventors of writing had perhaps "anus" (i.e. getting rid of) in mind.[1] Another is that it represented a man departing from a cave or city.

Alternatively, it may be the original character of ‎(to open one's mouth), the meaning given by the combination of ("big") and ("mouth"). The meaning "to depart" would be an extension of the meaning "to open one's mouth", as the lips depart from each other when one's mouth is open.

Shuowen Jiezi interprets the character as a Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic 𠙴.

In addition, is also the original character of ‎(to cover). The is a cover on top of an object .

Han character[edit]

(radical 28 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 土戈 (GI), four-corner 40731, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Axel Schuessler, ABC Etymological Dictionary of Old Chinese

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

There were two pronunciations in Middle Chinese. The rising tone pronunciation originally meant "to put away, to eliminate" (causative of "to go away"), and the falling tone "to go away, to leave, to depart" (anticausative). The merger of the two pronunciations already happened in Old Chinese and most extant dialects do not observe this distinction now.

This word is of Sino-Tibetan origin with the basic meaning of "to get rid of". Compare Tibetan སྐྱག་པ ‎(skyag pa, to spend, to lay out; dung, excrement), རྐྱག ‎(rkyag, dirt, excrement), Burmese ကျ ‎(kya., to fall, to become low), ချ ‎(hkya., to put down, to bring down, to lower).

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (去), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 羌舉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨʌX/ /kʰi̯woX/ /kʰiɔX/ /kʰiɔX/ /kʰɨə̆X/ /kʰĭoX/ /kʰiɔX/
Character (去), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 丘倨切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨʌH/ /kʰi̯woH/ /kʰiɔH/ /kʰiɔH/ /kʰɨə̆H/ /kʰĭoH/ /kʰiɔH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khjoX › /*[kʰ](r)aʔ/ get rid of
‹ khjoH › /*[k]ʰ(r)ap-s/ depart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10684 0 /*kʰaʔ/
10687 0 /*kʰas/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to go to, to go away, to leave, to depart
    哪兒 [MSC, trad.]
    哪儿 [MSC, simp.]
    nǎr? [Pinyin]
    Where are you going?
  2. (before or after a verb) to go in order to do something
  3. to remove; to get rid of
    •   ―  diào  ―  to remove
    •   ―  tuō  ―  to throw off
    •   ―  chāi  ―  to remove, to take off
  4. (between two verbs) to; in order to
  5. (used after a verb of motion to indicates movement away from the speaker)
    •   ―  xià  ―  to go down ( compare 下來下来 (“to come down”) )
    •   ―  sòng   ―  to send away
  6. to send
  7. to play (a part, a character); to act
  8. last; past
    •   ―  nián  ―  last year

Antonyms[edit]

  • (“to come, next”)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to leave, to go away

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(geo) (hangeul , revised geo, McCune-Reischauer kŏ)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(khứ, khử)

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