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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
沒-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
沒-bronze.svg 沒-bigseal.svg 沒-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic 𠬛 – drown in water.

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 水弓水 (ENE), four-corner 37147, composition𠬛)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 611, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17204
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1004, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1571, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6C92

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mei³⁵/
Harbin /mei²⁴/ ~人
/mei⁵³/ ~來
Tianjin /mei⁴⁵/ ~了
/mei⁵³/ ~走
Jinan /mei²¹³/ ~價
/mei⁴²/ ~的
Qingdao /mu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mu⁴²/ 沉~
/mei²⁴/ ~法兒
Xi'an /mo²¹/
Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mu¹³/ ~有
/muə¹³/ 淹~
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mei²¹³/
Chengdu /mo³¹/
/mei¹³/
Guiyang /mei⁵⁵/ ~有
/mu²¹/ ~收
Kunming /mu²¹²/
Nanjing /moʔ⁵/ 沉~
/me²⁴/ ~有
Hefei /məʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /məʔ¹/
Suzhou /məʔ³/
Hangzhou /məʔ²/
Wenzhou /mø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/ 沉~
/miu³⁵/ (沒有)
Tunxi /mɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɨʔ⁵/ 埋~
Hakka Meixian /mut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mut̚²/
Nanning /mut̚²²/
Hong Kong /mut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /but̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mau²¹/
/mo⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/

Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mwot › /*mˤut/ to dive, drown, die

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9235 1 /*mɯːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. not have; there is not; to be without
    這兒 / 这儿  ―  Zhèr méi rén.  ―  There's nobody here.
  2. be not so ... as (when comparing)
    /   ―  méi nǐ gāo.  ―  I'm not as tall as you.
  3. less than, no more than
  4. have not or did not (negative prefix for verbs, translated into other languages with verbs in the past tense)
    /   ―  méi lái.  ―  He hasn't come.
  5. negative prefix for verb (yǒu)
    朋友 / 朋友  ―  méiyǒu péngyǒu.  ―  I have no friends.
  6. negative prefix for adjectives
    意思 / 意思  ―  méiyìsī  ―  uninteresting

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("not have")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Cantonese Guangzhou 冇有
Taishan
Hong Kong
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Min Nan Taipei
Zhangzhou
Chaozhou
Shantou
Kaohsiung
Quanzhou
Xiamen
Wu Shanghai 嘸沒

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /mei³⁵/
Harbin /mei²⁴/ ~人
/mei⁵³/ ~來
Tianjin /mei⁴⁵/ ~了
/mei⁵³/ ~走
Jinan /mei²¹³/ ~價
/mei⁴²/ ~的
Qingdao /mu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /mu⁴²/ 沉~
/mei²⁴/ ~法兒
Xi'an /mo²¹/
Xining /mɔ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /mu¹³/ ~有
/muə¹³/ 淹~
Lanzhou /mə¹³/
Ürümqi /mɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /mei²¹³/
Chengdu /mo³¹/
/mei¹³/
Guiyang /mei⁵⁵/ ~有
/mu²¹/ ~收
Kunming /mu²¹²/
Nanjing /moʔ⁵/ 沉~
/me²⁴/ ~有
Hefei /məʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /məʔ²/
Pingyao /mʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /məʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /məʔ¹/
Suzhou /məʔ³/
Hangzhou /məʔ²/
Wenzhou /mø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /mɔ²²/ 沉~
/miu³⁵/ (沒有)
Tunxi /mɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /mo²⁴/
Xiangtan /mæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /mɨʔ⁵/ 埋~
Hakka Meixian /mut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /mut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /mut̚²/
Nanning /mut̚²²/
Hong Kong /mut̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /but̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /muʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /mau²¹/
/mo⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /mok̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /muak̚⁵/

Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ mwot › /*mˤut/ to dive, drown, die

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9235 1 /*mɯːd/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to drown, to sink; to inundate
    淹沒淹没 (yānmò, “to submerge; to inundate”)
  2. to end
  3. to die

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(mol) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer mol, Yale mol)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(một)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.