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U+5230, 到
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5230

[U+522F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5231]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
8 strokes
Stroke order
到-order.gif

Han character[edit]

(radical 18, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一土中弓 (MGLN), four-corner 12100, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 138, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1950
  • Dae Jaweon: page 314, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 334, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5230

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
到-bronze.svg 到-seal.svg 到-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw
*taːw, *moːɡ
*tuːw, *l̥ʰaːw
*taːwʔ, *taːws
*taːws
*taːws, *rtaːwɢ
*deːw
*rteːw, *teːw
*hreːw
*sdew, *tjewʔ
*tʰew
*tʰew, *tʰjew
*tʰew
*dews, *djews
*tjew
*tjew
*tjew
*tjewʔ
*tjews
*tjews
*tjews
*tʰjew, *tʰjewʔ
*tʰjewʔ
*djew
*djew, *djewʔ
*djew, *lew
*djew
*djew
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djewʔ
*djews
*djews
*djews
*teːw
*teːw, *deːw
*teːw
*teːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw
*deːw

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *taːws): semantic  (to arrive) + phonetic  (OC *taːw).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: dou3-2 - verbal complement indicating action completion.
Note: au1-2 - verbal complement indicating action completion.
Note:
  • dau3 - verbal complement indicating action completion;
  • dau - used after verb to indicate continued action or state.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • Xiamen, Quanzhou, Taiwan:
      • tò/tò͘ - literary (tò͘ is rare in Xiamen);
      • tàu - vernacular (limited, e.g. 到底).
  • (Teochew)
  • Wu
  • Xiang

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (5)
    Final () (89)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /tɑuH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /tɑuH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /tɑuH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /tawH/
    Li
    Rong
    /tɑuH/
    Wang
    Li
    /tɑuH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /tɑuH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    dào
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    dào
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ tawH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tˁaw[k]-s/
    English arrive

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2115
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*taːws/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to arrive at a destination; to reach a destination; to get to
      火車 / 火车  ―  huǒchē dào le  ―  The train has arrived.
    2. to go to; to leave for
      機場 / 机场  ―  dào jīchǎng jiē nǐ.  ―  I'll go to the airport to pick you up.
    3. used as a verbal complement to indicate the (successful) completion of an action
        ―  zhǎodào  ―  to have found something
    4. (dialectal) used after a verb to indicate a continued action or state
    5. (usually in the negative) to reach
    6. to the extent that
    7. to
      1. to (a place)
      2. to (a time); until; up to
      3. (from) ... to ...
    8. thoughtful; considerate
    9. to be able to; can
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (verbal complement indicating completion): (Min Nan) (tio̍h)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    variant forms
     




    rare
    rare
    𢓜 rare
    rare
    rare
    rare
    rare

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    (Min)

    1. to arrive
      [Min Nan]  ―  I kàu chhù--ah. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  He has arrived home.
    2. (Min Dong) used as a verbal complement to indicate the (successful) completion of an action
    3. (mahjong, playing cards) to complete a winning hand

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. arrival
    2. proceed
    3. reach
    4. attain
    5. (archaic) result in

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

    • New Nelson: 477
    • Halpern: 1264
    • Halpern Learners: 848
    • Heisig: 755
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 2f6.4
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    Proper noun[edit]

    (hiragana いたる, rōmaji Itaru)

    1. A male given name

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (do) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer to)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (đáo, đáu, tráo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.