Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
甲-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102 +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田中 (WL), four-corner 60500, composition)

  1. armor, shell
  2. fingernails
  3. the first of the ten heavenly stems

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 758, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7532

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
甲-oracle.svg 甲-bronze.svg 甲-bigseal.svg 甲-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a turtle shell.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𠇚
𡴌
𤰒

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krap ‎(shell; shield).

Pronunciation[edit]



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 甲 (指)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia²¹⁴/ /t͡ɕia⁰/
Harbin /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/ /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/ /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia²⁴/ /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/ /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁵¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
/t͡ɕia²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia³¹/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠³¹/ /t͡ɕia̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiaʔ²/ /t͡ɕiaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/ /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/ /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiaʔ⁵/ /kʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ka²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kaʔ²¹/ /kaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kɔ⁵/ /kɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
/t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kap̚¹/ /kap̚¹/
Taoyuan /kɑp̚²²/ /kɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Nanning /kap̚³³/ /kɛp̚³³/
Hong Kong /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
/kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑʔ²³/ /kɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/ /ka²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaʔ²/ /kaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka⁵⁵/ /ka⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (150)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠap̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚap̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kap̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kap̚/
Wang
Li
/kap̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kap̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jia
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæp ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤr[a]p/
English 1st heavenly stem; fingernail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːb/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. armor
  2. shell
  3. nail (plate at the end of fingers and toes)
  4. the first heavenly stem
  5. number one; first; A
  6. A surname​.
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Borrowing from Dutch akker ‎(field) or morgen ‎(morning).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Taiwan) unit of land (area) measure, equivalent to 2,934  (píng) or 0.97 hectares,[2] roughly 2.1 acres

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms 𢓜

From (kàu).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. to arrive; to reach
  2. to; until; to the extent

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan) very; really; badly

Etymology 4[edit]

Probably from (kám, káⁿ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. how is it that; how could
  2. (Taiwan) since; as

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (kah, kap, “and; with”).

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (kā, kāng).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrade, Tonio (2005), “Appendix A: Weights, Measures, and Exchange Rates”, in How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century, Columbia University Press, ISBN 9780231503686.
  2. ^ Entry #1857”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana こう, romaji , historical hiragana かふ)

  1. carapace, shell
  2. first in rank
  3. instep or the back of the hand
  4. the first party

‎(hiragana よろい, romaji yoroi, historical hiragana よろひ)

  1. armor

‎(hiragana きのえ, romaji kinoe)

  1. first sign of the Chinese calendar

‎(hiragana かん, romaji kan)

  1. treble range

Alternative forms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gap) (hangeul , revised gap, McCune-Reischauer kap, Yale kap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giáp, giẹp, kép, nháp, ráp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.