Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: , , , and
U+7532, 甲
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7532

[U+7531]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7533]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
甲-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 102, +0, 5 strokes, cangjie input 田中 (WL), four-corner 60500, composition or ⿻)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 758, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21725
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1167, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7532

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
甲-oracle.svg 甲-bronze.svg 甲-silk.svg 甲-slip.svg 甲-seal.svg 甲-bigseal.svg

Pictogram (象形): a turtle shell.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𠇚
𡴌
𤰒

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *krap (shell; shield). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྲབ (khrab, coat of mail; shield). Perhaps related to (OC *kuːb, *kruːb, “leather jerkin or cuirass”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • kah - vernacular;
  • kap - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location 甲 (指)
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕia²¹⁴/ /t͡ɕia⁰/
Harbin /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/ /t͡ɕiɑ¹³/
Jinan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/ /t͡ɕia⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕia²⁴/ /t͡ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕia⁴⁴/ /t͡sz̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕia¹³/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕia⁵¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕia²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
/t͡ɕia²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕia³¹/ /t͡ɕia³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕia²¹/ /t͡ɕia²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕia̠³¹/ /t͡ɕia̠³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiaʔ²/ /t͡ɕiaʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/ /t͡ɕiʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/ /t͡ɕiaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕiaʔ⁵/ /kʰaʔ⁵/
Suzhou /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/ /t͡ɕiɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /ka²¹³/ /ka²¹³/
Hui Shexian /kaʔ²¹/ /kaʔ²¹/
Tunxi /kɔ⁵/ /kɔ⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
/t͡ɕia²⁴/
/ka²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕiɒ²⁴/ /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /kaʔ⁵/ /kaʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kap̚¹/ /kap̚¹/
Taoyuan /kɑp̚²²/ /kɑp̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Nanning /kap̚³³/ /kɛp̚³³/
Hong Kong /kap̚³/ /kap̚³/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
/kap̚³²/
/kaʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɑʔ²³/ /kɑʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ka²⁴/ /ka²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kaʔ²/ /kaʔ²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ka⁵⁵/ /ka⁵⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (150)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠap̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚap̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kap̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kaɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/kap̚/
Wang
Li
/kap̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kap̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jia
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiǎ
Middle
Chinese
‹ kæp ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˁr[a]p/
English 1st heavenly stem; fingernail

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5931
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kraːb/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. armor
  2. shell
  3. nail (plate at the end of fingers and toes)
  4. the first of the ten heavenly stems
  5. number one; first; A
  6. A surname​.
Coordinate terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

simp. and trad.

Borrowed from Dutch akker (field) or morgen (morning).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Taiwan) unit of land (area) measure, equivalent to 2,934  (píng) or 0.97 hectares,[2] roughly 2.1 acres

Etymology 3[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𢓜

From (kàu).

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. to arrive; to reach
  2. to; until; to the extent

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Xiamen and Quanzhou Min Nan) very; really; badly

Etymology 4[edit]

Probably from (kám, káⁿ).

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

(Min Nan)

  1. how is it that; how could
  2. (Taiwan) since; as

Etymology 5[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of (kah, kap, “and; with”).

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. (Min Nan) Alternative form of ().

References[edit]

  1. ^ Andrade, Tonio (2005), “Appendix A: Weights, Measures, and Exchange Rates”, in How Taiwan Became Chinese: Dutch, Spanish and Han Colonization in the Seventeenth Century, Columbia University Press, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Entry #1857”, in 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Min Nan), Ministry of Education, R.O.C., 2011.

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (kæp)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(こう) ( (historical kana かふ)

  1. carapace, shell
  2. something A
    1. first in rank
    2. instep or the back of the hand
    3. the first party

Proper noun[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(こう) (

  1. the first of the ten Heavenly Stems

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
よろい
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(よろい) (yoroi (historical kana よろひ)

  1. armor

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
かん
Grade: S
kan’yōon

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(かん) (kan

  1. treble range

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
きのえ
Grade: S
kun’yomi

(Ki, Wood, one of the Five Elements) +‎ (no, attributive marker) +‎ (e, elder brother)

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(きのえ) (Kinoe

  1. the first of the ten Heavenly Stems

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gap) (hangeul , revised gap, McCune–Reischauer kap, Yale kap)

  1. armor

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giáp, giẹp, kép, nháp, ráp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.