少年

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Chinese[edit]

 
young; few; little
young; few; little; lack
year
simp. and trad.
(少年)
anagram 年少

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (26) (8)
Final () (91) (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiᴇuH/ /nen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɛuH/ /nen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjæuH/ /nɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiawH/ /nɛn/
Li
Rong
/ɕiɛuH/ /nen/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭɛuH/ /nien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ɛuH/ /nien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shào nián
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shào nián
Middle
Chinese
‹ syewH › ‹ nen ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s-t]ewʔ-s/ /*C.nˁi[ŋ]/
English young harvest; year

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 13708 9482
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hmjews/ /*niːŋ/
Notes

Noun[edit]

少年

  1. early youth (from ten to sixteen years old)
    少年時代 / 少年时代  ―  shàonián shídài  ―  early youth
  2. juvenile; youngster
  3. young man; boy

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

少年

  1. (literary or Hokkien, Zhao'an Hakka) young

Synonyms[edit]

edit

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (少年):

Further reading[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
少年 (shōnen): a boy.
Kanji in this term
しょう
Grade: 2
ねん
Grade: 1
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

/seunen//ɕeunen//ɕoːnen/

Borrowing from Middle Chinese 少年 (syewH nen, literally young + years). Compare modern Cantonese 少年 (siu3 nin4), Mandarin 少年 (shàonián), Korean 소년 (sonyeon), Vietnamese thiếu niên.

Originally referred to young people of either gender. The meaning has narrowed in modern usage to more commonly refer to boys of elementary school or middle school age.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

少年(しょうねん) (shōnen (historical kana せうねん)

  1. a boy, a young man
    (しょう)(ねん)()(だい)
    shōnen jidai
    childhood, boyhood
    (しょう)(ねん)はこの(まん)()(だい)()きで、もう()()れになっています。
    Shōnen wa kono manga ga daisuki de, mō urikire ni natte imasu.
    Boys really like this manga, and it's already sold out.
    • 2011 February 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “(だい)三百三十四(くん) (せん)(とう)では()(こころ)(まる)(はだか) [Lesson 334: Our Bodies and Souls Are All Naked in the Public Baths]”, in (ぎん)(たま) [Silver Soul], volume 38 (fiction), Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      バーさん (おれ)(こころ)(しょう)(ねん)だから(ふた)()で200(えん)(たの)むわ
      Bā-san ore wa kokoro wa shōnen da kara futari de nihyaku-en de tanomu wa
      Granny, I’m still a boy at heart, so make it 200 yen for two.
    • 2017 April 15, “(せい)(はい)(えら)ばれし(もの) [Chosen by the Star Chalice]”, in CODE OF THE DUELIST(コード・オブ・ザ・デュエリスト), Konami:
      ()(かい)(ざん)(がい)()(そう)する、()()ぐな(こころ)(しょう)(ねん)
      Kikai no zangai de busō suru, massugu na kokoro no shōnen.
      An upright boy armed with the remains of Mechstrosities.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

少年 (sonyeon) (hangeul 소년)

  1. Hanja form? of 소년 (boy, young person).

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

少年

  1. Hán tự form of thiếu niên (related to adolescence).