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U+5931, 失
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5931

[U+5930]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5932]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character[edit]

(radical 37, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹手人 (HQO), four-corner 25030, composition丿 or ⿻𠂉)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 249, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 508, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 525, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5931

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
失-seal.svg 失-bigseal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 丿 – something (丿) falling from a hand ().

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with (OC *liɡ, “to escape; to lose”), (OC *lid, “to escape; at ease”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Probably Sino-Tibetan; compare Cogtse Situ [Term?] (ka-ʃlə̂k, to fall (from hand)), Japhug ɕlɯɣ (to fall; to slip) (Zhang, Jacques, and Lai, 2019).

Note also Thai เล็ดลอด (lét-lɔ̂ɔt, to sneak; to escape by stealth) (Manomaivibool, 1975).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • she6 - vernacular;
  • shr6 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (48)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕit̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ syit ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥i[t]/
English lose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11426
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hliɡ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to lose; to lose track of; to mislay
  2. to fail; to not succeed
  3. to breach; to violate
  4. to neglect; to miss
  5. mistake; fault; wrongdoing
  6. 75th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "failure" (𝍐)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. mistake, disadvantage
  2. loss, lose

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 잃을 (ireul sil))

  1. Hanja form? of (loss).

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thất, thắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.