失う

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うしな
Grade: 4
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling 喪う

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "失う"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
失う しなう [ùshínáú]
Imperative (命令形) 失え しなえ [ùshínáé]
Key constructions
Passive 失われる しなわれる [ùshínáwárérú]
Causative 失わせる しなわせる [ùshínáwásérú]
Potential 失える しなえる [ùshínáérú]
Volitional 失おう しなお [ùshínáóꜜò]
Negative 失わない しなわない [ùshínáwánáí]
Negative perfective 失わなかった しなわなかった [ùshínáwánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 失います しないま [ùshínáímáꜜsù]
Perfective 失った しなった [ùshínáttá]
Conjunctive 失って しなって [ùshínátté]
Hypothetical conditional 失えば しなえ [ùshínáéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

(うしな) (ushinautransitive godan (stem (うしな) (ushinai), past (うしな)った (ushinatta), historical kana うしなふ)

  1. to lose (possession of something)
    ()(しん)(うしな)
    jishin o ushinau
    lose confidence
  2. to miss an opportunity etc.
    (まな)()(かい)(うしな)
    manabu kikai o ushinau
    miss the chance to learn something
  3. to lose a person (following their death), be bereaved of someone
    (おっと)(うしな)
    otto o ushinau
    lose one's husband

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN