win

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See also: Wīn

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English winne, wunne, from Old English wynn (joy, rapture, pleasure, delight, gladness), from Proto-Germanic *wunjō (joy, delight, pleasure, lust), from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, wish, desire, love). Cognate with German Wonne (bliss, joy, delight), Danish ynde (grace), Icelandic yndi (delight).

Noun[edit]

win (plural wins)

  1. (UK dialectal, Scotland) Pleasure; joy; delight.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English winnen, from Old English winnan (to labour, swink, toil, trouble oneself; resist, oppose, contradict; fight, strive, struggle, rage; endure) (compare Old English ġewinnan (conquer, obtain, gain; endure, bear, suffer; be ill)), from Proto-Germanic *winnaną (to swink, labour, win, gain, fight), from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, wish, desire, love). Cognate with Low German winnen, Dutch winnen, German gewinnen, Swedish vinna.

Verb[edit]

win (third-person singular simple present wins, present participle winning, simple past and past participle won)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To conquer, defeat.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book IV:
      And yf ye wynne vs in bataille the lady shal haue her landes ageyne [...].
    • 1998, Rhapsody, Emerald Sword
      For the glory, the power to win the Black Lord, I will search for the Emerald Sword.
  2. (transitive) To triumph or achieve victory in (a game, a war, etc).
  3. (transitive) To gain (a prize) by succeeding in competition or contest.
    to win the jackpot in a lottery; to win a bottle of wine in a raffle
  4. (transitive) To obtain (someone) by wooing.
    • Sir Philip Sidney
      Thy virtue won me; with virtue preserve me.
    • Shakespeare
      She is a woman; therefore to be won.
  5. (intransitive) To achieve victory.
    Who would win in a fight between an octopus and a dolphin?
  6. (transitive) To obtain (something desired).
    The company hopes to win an order from the government worth over 5 million dollars.
  7. (transitive) To cause a victory for someone.
    The success of the economic policies should win Mr. Smith the next elections.
    The policy success should win the elections for Mr. Smith.
  8. (transitive, obsolete) To come to by toil or effort; to reach; to overtake.
    • Spenser
      Even in the porch he him did win.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      And when the stony path began, / By which the naked peak they won, / Up flew the snowy ptarmigan.
  9. (transitive, mining) To extract (ore, coal, etc.).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle English winn, winne, from Old English winn (toil, labor, trouble, hardship; profit, gain; conflict, strife, war), from Proto-Germanic *winną (labour, struggle, fight), from Proto-Indo-European *wen- (to strive, desire, wish, love). Cognate with German Gewinn (profit, gain).

Noun[edit]

win (plural wins)

  1. gain; profit; income
  2. wealth; owndom; goods
  3. an individual victory (opposite of a loss)
    Our first win of the season put us in high spirits.
    • 2011 September 29, Jon Smith, “Tottenham 3 - 1 Shamrock Rovers”, BBC Sport:
      Giovani dos Santos smashed home a third five minutes later to wrap up the win.
  4. (slang) a feat, an (extraordinary) achievement (opposite of a fail)
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

win

  1. first-person singular present indicative of winnen
  2. imperative of winnen

Old Dutch[edit]

Noun[edit]

wīn m

  1. wine

Descendants[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Germanic, from Latin vinum. Cognate with Old Saxon wīn (Dutch wijn), Old High German wīn (German Wein), Old Norse vín (Swedish vin), Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌽 (wein).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

wīn n

  1. wine

Polish[edit]

Noun[edit]

win

  1. genitive plural of wino
  2. genitive plural of wina

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

English wind

Noun[edit]

win

  1. wind
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Genesis 2:7 (translation here):
      Bihain God, Bikpela i kisim graun na em i wokim man long en. Na em i winim win bilong laip i go insait long nus bilong man, na man i kisim laip.

Related terms[edit]


This entry has fewer than three known examples of actual usage, the minimum considered necessary for clear attestation, and may not be reliable. Tok Pisin is subject to a special exemption for languages with limited documentation. If you speak it, please consider editing this entry or adding citations. See also Help and the Community Portal.

Torres Strait Creole[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English wind.

Noun[edit]

win

  1. wind

Derived terms[edit]